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FRESH WATER TO GREAT LAKES 2

The Great Lakes and the HUG System

MAJOR RESOURCE PROJECT

 The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Dam on the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is 176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUG Siphon System for 171 km (106 miles)to the Great LakesWhat we need several Big Ditches!

The damage has  been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change. 

This water could then be diverted to the Great Lakes, where it would be sent on to the U.S. Midwest or to Lake Diefenbaker in Saskatchewan and then on to the U.S. South, Southwest, and perhaps Mexico.

Continue reading FRESH WATER TO GREAT LAKES 2

Kinetic Power of Rapids 2

ENERGY FROM RAPIDS

This large Ottawa River reservoir of rapids can add 70 MW power without impacting on  the environment. The Kipawa  community, would benefit from its kinetic power of rapids. This would provide a return on investment within just a few years.

The 132 MW Tabaret project will eliminate the aquatic ecosystem of the Kipawa River to replace and unused 17 MW Unit and a 5 MW plant.

There are other, smarter and more reasonable options for producing hydro power on the Kipawa watershed: the HUG Hydro System. There are two approaches: one uses kinetic energy of moving water of the rapids and the second use the energy of gravity from small waterfalls.

Kipawa Hydro HUG

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HUG WAVE ENERGY INNOVATION 2

Ocean Wave Electricity

Here is the SECRET! The HUG  Wave Energy innovation adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.

wave energy

The Solution: There have been a lot of wasted efforts in solving wave energy problems because of a wrong pathway. This may be the real reason why United States and Canada have not entered into the fray with the Europeans: they had not been presented with an obvious valid solution with adequate power density.  The HUG‘s compact and robust wave power plant enables over ten times higher annual energy output per ton compared to conventional wave devices.

The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:hug wave energy

Now let’s explain the real reason for the HUG: HIGH POWER DENSITY Continue reading HUG WAVE ENERGY INNOVATION 2

MEGA DROUGHT 2

GREAT MEGA DROUGHT COMING

The U.S. Southwest and Central Plains regions are likely to be scorched by a decades-long “mega drought” in the second half of this century if climate change continues unabated, scientists from NASA and Cornell and Columbia universities have warned.

In a study published by the journal Science Advances this week, the researchers forecast that future drought risk in the area is likely to exceed even the driest conditions experienced during extensive Medieval-era periods that have been dubbed “mega droughts.”

There is an 80 per cent chance of an extended drought between 2050 and 2099 unless aggressive steps are taken to mitigate the impacts of climate change, the article predicted.

megadrought
Mega Drought

Richard Seager, a senior researcher at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, looked at 19 computer models of the future under current global warming trends. He found remarkable consistency: Sometime before 2050, the models predicted, the Southwest will be gripped in a dry spell akin to the Great Dust Bowl drought that lasted through most of the 1930s.

“Ultimately, the consistency of our results suggests an exceptionally high risk of a multi decade mega drought … (and) a level of aridity exceeding even the persistent mega droughts that characterized the Medieval era,” the scientists wrote.

Continue reading MEGA DROUGHT 2

HYDROGEN ELECTROLYSIS: the SECRET 2

HYDROGEN ENERGY COMING

HUG HYDROGEN ELECTROLYSIS
BUS HYDROGEN ELECTROLYSIS

Allow us to introduce hydrogen electrolysis. Because hydrogen is a clean universal fuel that can be used to power buses, trucks, cars, planes, trains,  boats and ships. There is no carbon imprint and it is renewable and sustainable.

SMOG IN CHINA

Smog China
View of a high-rise building in heavy smog in Jilin city, northeast China’s Jilin province

China’s ‘airpocalypse’ kills 350,000 to 500,000 Chinese each year.

China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal, which meets more than 70 percent of its energy needs. The country produced 3.8 billion tons of coal in 2011 – almost half of the world’s total. Coal may be considered a cheap source of energy, but the air and water pollution caused by the mining and use of the mineral is devastating. According to Greenpeace, 2.5 tons of water is polluted for each ton of coal produced.

“If air pollution is not reduced we will have more and more respiratory disease, including lung cancer, COPD, asthma and even pneumonia and also heart disease, coronary heart disease,” warned Dr Bai, who is also chairman of the Chinese Alliance against Lung Cancer and the director and founder of the Shanghai Respiratory Research Institute. China diagnoses around 1.3 million new cases of chronic bronchitis and emphysema each year, and around 600,000 new cases of lung cancer. Over the last 30 years deaths ascribed to lung cancer have risen by a factor of five in China,

Everywhere you go in China, you will observe electrical transmission lines. These are all very necessary to support industrial growth. There is a high price to be paid for coal driven turbines. The sky is blue only for a short time after a rainfall because of the heavy smog overcast.
The Communist Party is worried that if they don’t solve severe environmental problems, they will be rejected by growing discontent: thousands of premature deaths annually and billions of workdays due to sickness. China’s rivers and lakes are among the world’s most polluted.

Solutions

Why Hydrogen?

Continue reading HYDROGEN ELECTROLYSIS: the SECRET 2

HUG RUN OF RIVER 2

‘Run-of-River’ Innovation

The usual ‘Run-of-River’ hydroelectric facilities could be improved by more than 300% by using the HUG system, because it maximizes the kinetic energy. One must harness the natural serpentine flow instead of the straight pipes leading to the bottom  of a Run-of-River turbine.Slide29

  1. Redirecting water flow to ‘Run-of-River’,  funnels into an innovative HUG, which requires no dam and uses the Power of the Vortex.
  2. Presently no patents exist, which are commercially viable, to capture energy from rapids or rivers without a dam.
  3. Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), which require no dams or barrages.
  4. The global technical potential of small hydro power is estimated between 150,000 and 200,000 MW.

    HUG RUN-OF-RIVER
    HUG RUN-OF-RIVER

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HUG & ABORIGINAL RENEWAL 2

ABORIGINAL RENEWAL

ABORIGINAL CONCERNS
ABORIGINAL CONCERNS

 We can start an aboriginal renewal under the Aboriginal Loan Guarantee Program for the HUG. Aboriginal communities will be eligible for loan guarantees for assistance of up to 85% of total eligible economic development costs. These communities may offer land as cash in kind as part of their investment.

ABORIGINAL TOURIST, HUNTING AND FISHING CAMPS WITH ELECTRICITY

The Federal Aboriginal Loan or Grant for Industrial Development of Native Reservations for a pilot energy project:

  1. On the St. Charles River on the Wendake Reservation.
  2. With Native Communities near Fort McMurray: People of the Lower Athabasca
  3.  Electricity for the Ring of Fire Mining Companies 
  4.  Nemiscau
  5. Attawapiskat
  6. Notakwanon River

The Nation Huronne-Wendat may wish to offer the value of the land, on which the project is operating, as cash-in kind, as part of their contribution to the funding sources.

The most important consideration is cost: $885/kW is unusually low compared to most other hydro electric generation systems. In 2009, Hydro-Quebec cost for 4500 MW was $5,100/kW. See the comparison chart below.

Presently no patents exist to capture energy from fast moving rivers up to now. The Power Density of any pilot projects designed to capture energy from tides is 2.4 to 6.9 kW/m2. The reason for the low efficiency is that the flow of a current treats all these turbines as obstacles to be avoided. The HUG Power Density is an unbelievable 73 kW/m2. The Power Density increases to the cube of the velocity and the HUG velocity is four to five times faster than the competition.

HUG & ABORIGINAL RENEWAL
THE MICRO HUG

Continue reading HUG & ABORIGINAL RENEWAL 2

HUG AND THE GREAT LAKES 2

The Great Lakes and the HUG System

 The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Dam on the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is 176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUG Siphon System for 171 km. to the Great Lakes.

The damage has  been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change. What we need is a Big Ditch!

Presently no patents exist which are commercialized in order to transfer fresh water seven times farther than existing pipelines. None of the incumbent technologies exceed 80 km using underwater pipelines, except for the HUG, an Innovative Water Transfer System, which has a 500 km range.

·         The HUG Siphon system can be buried under any populated built up areas. HUG can also be raised to189.5 m above sea level.

·         It will be difficult to say NO to Water Export Revenue of $433 Million/year at the auction price of $0.13/ m3s for 135 m3

·         Each of the 150 million people whose needs could be served by the project would pay the reasonable rate of $50 per year.  So, annual income from the exports would be $7.5 billion.      

·         The total initial cost of this mega project is $347.5 + $232.25 = $580 million.

·         HUG has a potential of Hydro Revenue of $210 Million/yr (11 kW/m2)

·         HUG has a potential of Water Export Revenue of 56 m3s@auction price of $0.13/ m3s of $180 Million/yr/HUG System

·         Water Export Revenue of 2000 m3s = $6.4 Billion/yr for 35 HUG Siphon Systems

·         Return on Investment : $180 +$210 / $580 million = 67%/yr for 1 HUG System.

·         An alternative desalination plant (1.2 m3s) is twice the price, because it is energy intensive and it incurs high-pollution costs that could escalate as energy price increase.

Great lakes areas of concernzz
HUG WATER TRANSFER

·         Nine bodies of 265 m3s water share the same environment: only a distance of 1.5 m to 12 km apart, which can be diverted to Lake Superior.

Continue reading HUG AND THE GREAT LAKES 2

HUG & DAM DECOMMISSIONING 2

 DAM REMOVAL SOLUTION

Decommissioned Dam
Decommissioned Dam

Dam removal is the process of removing out-dated, dangerous, or ecologically damaging dams from river systems. There are thousands of out-dated dams in the United States that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as many more recent ones that have caused such great ecological damage, and they are proposed for removal as Decommissioned Dams. We introduce the HUG low cost solution.

The problem

By 2020, over 70% of US dams will be 50 years or older and in need of repair, replacement or removal. In addition, there are over 49,000 low-head, non-powered dams in the U.S. suitable for hydro power. This presents a unique opportunity to equip or upgrade dams, thus providing a financial incentive for dam restoration while contributing to the country’s clean energy portfolio.

Existing options are not suited for low head sites

Current state-of-the-art solutions for low head small and micro hydro systems are generally a one size fits all solution. As a result, turbomachinery suppliers either provide standardized runners with lower efficiencies because the specifics of the water flow and head are not adequately taken into account, or they adjust their design to the waterway under consideration and must then charge large engineering fees. Either way, the project is often not efficient and therefore not economically attractive particularly at the lower end of the head range.

Current costs are too high

Current costs for new turbo- machinery is exorbitantly expensive, rendering a profitable endeavor at most small and micro hydro sites unfeasible. Turbo-machinery suppliers provide standardized runners that will operate within a wide window of head ranges, but providing unacceptable efficiencies at the upper and lower edge of the ranges; or will charge excessive engineering fees when requested to provide the site specific turbine geometry that is required to economically produce power.

Current methods are outdated and inefficient

Small and micro hydro turbines available on the market today are designed and fabricated using methods and materials developed in the 1930’s. These existing designs are expensive and overbuilt, and typically limited to sites with much higher heads than is generally the case. Accordingly, small hydro units are either not optimized for the specific location, or require significant engineering cost that make the value proposition unattractive in most cases.

The cost of upgrading and maintaining many older dams to meet present safety standards is becoming significant as we see from the estimates of the cost to revive the Maynard Dam with a final return on investments in 20 years.

Many older dams, especially those associated with abandoned or outdated industrial and navigation facilities are no longer needed. Many of these old dams in the US have simply been abandoned by their owners, when the cost of maintaining an old dam exceeds the receipts from power sales and liability increases.

The Competition

Continue reading HUG & DAM DECOMMISSIONING 2