Category Archives: HUG Innovation

Kinetic Power of Rapids

The Kinetic Power of Rapids

This large Ottawa River reservoir of rapids can add 70 MW power without impacting on  the environment. The Kipawa  community, would benefit from its kinetic power of rapids. This would provide a return on investment within just a few years.

The 132 MW Tabaret project will eliminate the aquatic ecosystem of the Kipawa River to replace and unused 17 MW Unit and a 5 MW plant.

There are other, smarter and more reasonable options for producing hydro power on the Kipawa watershed: the HUG Hydro System. There are two approaches: one uses kinetic energy of moving water of the rapids and the second use the energy of gravity from small waterfalls.

Kipawa Hydro HUGKipawa Hydro HUGKipawa Hydro HUG

The HUG: the Greatest Potential

Kinetic hydro power is dam-less hydro power that is converted from energy found in the flowing water currents of rivers, oceans, tides and even ocean waves. The HUG is feasible, renewable and clean alternative for low cost power production.  

hug energy system

Imagine two, three or twenty of these barges strung along a river one behind the other without environmental impact.  Individual units come in a variety of sizes ranging  as high as 2 MW, which can support 30,000 homes with electricity.

Hydro power costs less than most energy sources. The HUG has the  lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.




  1. Hug Energy:
  2. A Rabbit and Fish Farm:
  3. An Agroforestry Intercrop System:
  4. The Charitable Arm:
  5. God’s Loveletters:
  6. Thunder of Justice:
  7. Microfinance for
  8. Deliverance Is:





HUG Wave Energy

Here is the SECRET! The HUG  Wave Energy innovation adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.

wave energy

The Solution: There have been a lot of wasted efforts in solving wave energy problems because of a wrong pathway. This may be the real reason why United States and Canada have not entered into the fray with the Europeans: they had not been presented with an obvious valid solution with adequate power density.  The HUG‘s compact and robust wave power plant enables over ten times higher annual energy output per ton compared to conventional wave devices.

The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:hug wave energy

Now let’s explain the real reason for the HUG: HIGH POWER DENSITY Continue reading HUG WAVE ENERGY INNOVATION



  •  Stage 1   To capture energy from Run-of-River, Rapids and Waterfalls with the HUG 
  •  Stage 2   To introduce a smaller version of the HUG: for Fish and Hunting Camps                            
  •  Stage 3   HUG Hydro electricity and irrigation in remote areas: to support work in  South America and Africa.   
  • Stage 4   To Introduce the HUG Water Transfer System to crisis area
  • Stage 5   To introduce commercially viable HUG Tidal Energy

River hydrokinetic energy has great potential, but it is still very much in the developmental stage.

‘Run-of-River’ Innovation

The usual ‘Run-of-River’ hydroelectric facilities could be improved by more than 300% by using the HUG system, because it maximizes the kinetic energy. One must harness the natural serpentine flow instead of the straight pipes leading to the bottom  of a Run-of-River turbine.Slide29

  1. Redirecting water flow to ‘Run-of-River’,  funnels into an innovative HUG, which requires no dam and uses the Power of the Vortex.
  2. Presently no patents exist, which are commercially viable, to capture energy from rapids or rivers without a dam.
  3. Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), which require no dams or barrages.
  4. The global technical potential of small hydro power is estimated between 150,000 and 200,000 MW.


Fitzsimmons Creek Run-of-River: Reanalysis


Continue reading HUG RUN-OF-RIVER


The Great Lakes and the HUG System

 The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Dam on the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is 176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUG Siphon System for 171 km. to the Great Lakes.

The damage has  been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change. What we need is a Big Ditch!


  •  Stage 1   To capture energy from Run-of-River, Rapids and Waterfalls with the HUG 
  •  Stage 2   To introduce a smaller version of the HUG: for Fish and Hunting Camps                            
  •  Stage 3   HUG Hydro electricity and irrigation in remote areas: to support work in Africa.   
  • Stage 4   To Introduce the HUG Water Transfer System to crisis area
  • Stage 5   To introduce commercially viable HUG Tidal Energy

Presently no patents exist which are commercialized in order to transfer fresh water seven times farther than existing pipelines. None of the incumbent technologies exceed 80 km using underwater pipelines, except for the HUG, an Innovative Water Transfer System, which has a 500 km range.

·         The HUG Siphon system can be buried under any populated built up areas. HUG can also be raised to189.5 m above sea level.

·         It will be difficult to say NO to Water Export Revenue of $433 Million/year at the auction price of $0.13/ m3s for 135 m3

·         Each of the 150 million people whose needs could be served by the project would pay the reasonable rate of $50 per year.  So, annual income from the exports would be $7.5 billion.      

·         The total initial cost of this mega project is $347.5 + $232.25 = $580 million.

·         HUG has a potential of Hydro Revenue of $210 Million/yr (11 kW/m2)

·         HUG has a potential of Water Export Revenue of 56 m3s@auction price of $0.13/ m3s of $180 Million/yr/HUG System

·         Water Export Revenue of 2000 m3s = $6.4 Billion/yr for 35 HUG Siphon Systems

·         Return on Investment : $180 +$210 / $580 million = 67%/yr for 1 HUG System.

·         An alternative desalination plant (1.2 m3s) is twice the price, because it is energy intensive and it incurs high-pollution costs that could escalate as energy price increase.

Great lakes areas of concernzz

·         Nine bodies of 265 m3s water share the same environment: only a distance of 1.5 m to 12 km apart, which can be diverted to Lake Superior.


HUG WATER TRANSFER  A spiraling pipeline allows the transfer of water to travel two to three times faster, abet longer distances, because of the physics of the vortex: water prefers to travel in a whirlpool fashion rather than a turbulent straight line.



New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:

Tree Growth

AFRICA RENEWED supported by:

  1. A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams:
  2. An Irrigation System:
  3. An Agroforestry Intercrop System:
  4. The Charitable Arm:
  5. Living Water Micro Finance:
  6. Thunder of Justice:
  7. God’s Loveletters:
  8. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: 
  9. Deliverance Is:

Continue reading HUG AND THE GREAT LAKES


Decommissioned Dams

Decommissioned Dam
Decommissioned Dam

Dam removal is the process of removing out-dated, dangerous, or ecologically damaging dams from river systems. There are thousands of out-dated dams in the United States that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as many more recent ones that have caused such great ecological damage, and they are proposed for removal as Decommissioned Dams. We introduce the HUG low cost solution.

The problem

By 2020, over 70% of US dams will be 50 years or older and in need of repair, replacement or removal. In addition, there are over 49,000 low-head, non-powered dams in the U.S. suitable for hydro power. This presents a unique opportunity to equip or upgrade dams, thus providing a financial incentive for dam restoration while contributing to the country’s clean energy portfolio.

Existing options are not suited for low head sites

Current state-of-the-art solutions for low head small and micro hydro systems are generally a one size fits all solution. As a result, turbomachinery suppliers either provide standardized runners with lower efficiencies because the specifics of the water flow and head are not adequately taken into account, or they adjust their design to the waterway under consideration and must then charge large engineering fees. Either way, the project is often not efficient and therefore not economically attractive particularly at the lower end of the head range.

Current costs are too high

Current costs for new turbo- machinery is exorbitantly expensive, rendering a profitable endeavor at most small and micro hydro sites unfeasible. Turbo-machinery suppliers provide standardized runners that will operate within a wide window of head ranges, but providing unacceptable efficiencies at the upper and lower edge of the ranges; or will charge excessive engineering fees when requested to provide the site specific turbine geometry that is required to economically produce power.

Current methods are outdated and inefficient

Small and micro hydro turbines available on the market today are designed and fabricated using methods and materials developed in the 1930’s. These existing designs are expensive and overbuilt, and typically limited to sites with much higher heads than is generally the case. Accordingly, small hydro units are either not optimized for the specific location, or require significant engineering cost that make the value proposition unattractive in most cases.

The cost of upgrading and maintaining many older dams to meet present safety standards is becoming significant as we see from the estimates of the cost to revive the Maynard Dam with a final return on investments in 20 years.

Many older dams, especially those associated with abandoned or outdated industrial and navigation facilities are no longer needed. Many of these old dams in the US have simply been abandoned by their owners, when the cost of maintaining an old dam exceeds the receipts from power sales and liability increases.

The Competition

Maynard Dam was chosen based on the results of the USACE National Hydropower Resource Assessment (2013) that identified

 Annual generation of 249,829 MWh (20 MW)

Maynard Dam Decommissioning

                   $203,533,845/20,000 kW = $10,175/ kW

                $203,533,845/249,829,000 kW = $.81/KWh

The Canadian Scene

Many of Ontario’s thousands of dams are reaching an age where they’re breaking down. Dams, if not serving a purpose for flood control or electricity generation, are now generally thought of as obstructing the health of rivers.

Of the 2,000 dams in British Columbia, 400 have either outlived their usefulness, provide only marginal benefits, or severely harm coastal fisheries. With the removal of nearly two-dozen small dams in the province, support is growing for more ambitious decommissioning proposals.

On British Columbia’s Theodosia River, a plan to revitalize lucrative commercial- and sport-salmon fisheries in the Georgia Straits is the basis for a plan to decommission a 35-year-old water diversion dam. If removed, the 8-meter-high, 125-meter-long, Theodosia Dam would be the largest dam ever dismantled in Canada.

“No dam was meant to last forever” – they do age and, eventually, outlive their usefulness. 

In a review of all B.C. dams in 2010, after the Testalinden Dam near Oliver collapsed causing major damage, the Providence Dam was deemed one of the most dangerous in the province.

Enter the HUG!Untitled-62

  • Instead of decommissioning dams, which are idle, we should look at decommissioning dams by installing several HUG. There could be a high rate of return because the cost would be relatively low and even lower considering adding the cost of deconstruction. One project alone in Washington cost $325 million to decommission. A narrow set of rapids would be part of the plan in order to allow the wild steel head and salmon to return to the river above the former dam site.
  • How is it possible for a HUG to save the day?  The flow over the dam would be fed into a HUG, which has a helical turbine that rotates an electrical generator. A modulated control assures that the HUG is always filled to the top in order to maintain a constant pressure on the turbine. The electric generator is wired for a steady 60Hz AC current at a required voltage without the use of expensive control systems. We have just saved $325 million and we are now back to producing power as usual.

HUG: Height : 2.14 m; Length 7 m

Kinetic Energy½ x  A x V 3 x efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity)

                = ½ x 5 m2 x (8.3 m/s)3 x .35 = 500 kW/turbine x 9 Turbines = 4.5 MW

Adding Power Economically to a Non-Powered Dam

KINETIC ENERGY = ½ × A × V3  x efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity

1/2 x 1.75 m2 x (10 m/sec)3 x 35%= 306 kW x 6.5 (Venturi )= 2 MW   

  1. Our First Step: to test a 1/20th scale model ($250,000) with an engineering company partner.
  2. Then an actual working prototype on a HUG FLOAT for $1.3 million       

Budget Allowance: $1,300,000 2 MW Decommissioned Dam HUG System: Cost: $78/KW or $0.01/kWh

  • HUG System                                                                                 $675,000
  • 1 Helical Turbine installed                                                      125,000
  • 1 Electrical Generator installed                                              40,000
  • 1 Submersible  Pump  installed                                                10,000
  • HUG System installed                                                             500,000
  • Engineering Planning and Design: 15%                          195,000
  • Contingency, Insurance, Legal costs: 10%                     130,000
  • Grid Connection 5%                                                                        65,000
  • Ten Year Refit 3%                                                                              39,000
  • Loan Interest 3%                                                                                39,000
  • Installation 3%                                                                                    39,000
  • Facilities 3%                                                                                          39,000
  • Mooring 2%                                                                                           26,000
  • Construction Management 3%                                                 39,000
  • O&M First Year 1%                                                                           13,000

Budget Allowance:                                               $1,299,000 

Annual Return on Investment:  90% utilization: 6,370 MWh [x $79 (Quebec)] $500,000: ROI = 38%/yr.

Annual Return on Investment: (Ontario FIT) (using $131/MWh)  $835,000     ROI = 64%/yr.


HUG INNOVATION:  HUG (Helical Unique Generation) is a New Good.

GREEN HYDRO POWER STATIONS The installation of most of very low head sites is technically feasible, but civil works give rise to high costs, resulting to economically enviable projects. To solve this problem, one must design a new machine using a completely different philosophy to equip such sites. The study of current turbines reveals that they were all invented on the basis of a poor understanding of hydrodynamics, and a consequent false premise.

MOBILE HUG: The HUG development is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of HUG turbines can be installed with only a short period of 12 to 18 months between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow: it is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.  

PRE-FABRICATED HUG Standardized pre-fabricated modules should make it possible to order this new product as a “power plant kit” just like ordering from a catalog. The HUG power plant uses standardized parts, so no custom engineering is necessary. A one-size-fits-all pathway could be ordered.

Why is the HUG Frictionless? When we direct the water to flow at its natural mode, it hugs the inner wall. This kind of vortex motion tends to accelerate and contract the stream of water. The less collisions improves the flow, i.e. the better ordered and more dense the flow will be. The net result is that the velocity of the flow in the HUG is four to five times faster than the river velocity.



New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:

Tree Growth

AFRICA RENEWED supported by:

  1. A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams:
  2. An Irrigation System:
  3. An Agroforestry Intercrop System:
  4. The Charitable Arm:
  5. Living Water Micro Finance:
  6. Thunder of Justice:
  7. God’s Loveletters:
  8. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: 
  9. Deliverance Is:



The Vortex Power of Water


The velocity of the flow inside the Innovative HUG System increases 4x, thereby introducing a sucking action which scientist call a Negative Pressure which contributes to the Vortex Power of water. This alignment speeds up the flow.


Rowers who have rowed near a pylon know the danger of the faster water near a pylon.

The advantage to using the pylons as ‘Energy Bodies’ is ease of construction and proximity to transmission lines.

  • Velocity= 2.5 m/s at high tide
  • Velocity= 3.75 m/s behind bridge pylon supporting a HUG System.

     Lachine Rapids
    Lachine Rapids

The velocity at the Lachine Rapids is 1.5-3.0 m/sec. The Threshold Velocity required is 3.1 m/sec. Continue reading VORTEX POWER OF WATER



Extracting Tidal Energy TIDAL HUG
Extracting Tidal Energy

The Bay of Fundy, (40‘ high), which is the site of the highest tide in the world, is shaped like a horn, which was developed by helical waves over millions of years. It is the same shape found at Anchorage, Alaska (27′ high), because they were created by the same energy of helical waves. The wave of this system causes the water to increase its speed as it is deflected at each turn. The narrowest point of the Inlet at Anchorage, Alaska has mid-channel speeds up to six knots with an average of 3.8 knots that produce amazing tidal power.

letete Passage Fundy Continue reading TIDAL POWER