The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Damon the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is 176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUGSiphon System for 171 km (106 miles)to the Great Lakes. What we need several Big Ditches!
The damage has been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change.
This water could then be diverted to the Great Lakes, where it would be sent on to the U.S. Midwest or to Lake Diefenbaker in Saskatchewan and then on to the U.S. South, Southwest, and perhaps Mexico.
The U.S. Southwest and Central Plains regions are likely to be scorched by a decades-long “mega drought” in the second half of this century if climate change continues unabated, scientists from NASA and Cornell and Columbia universities have warned.
In a study published by the journal Science Advances this week, the researchers forecast that future drought risk in the area is likely to exceed even the driest conditions experienced during extensive Medieval-era periods that have been dubbed “mega droughts.”
There is an 80 per cent chance of an extended drought between 2050 and 2099unless aggressive steps are taken to mitigate the impacts of climate change, the article predicted.
Richard Seager, a senior researcher at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, looked at 19 computer models of the future under current global warming trends. He found remarkable consistency: Sometime before 2050, the models predicted, the Southwest will be gripped in a dry spell akin to the Great Dust Bowl drought that lasted through most of the 1930s.
“Ultimately, the consistency of our results suggests an exceptionally high risk of a multi decade mega drought … (and) a level of aridity exceeding even the persistent mega droughts that characterized the Medieval era,” the scientists wrote.
The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Damon the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUGSiphon System for 171 km. to the Great Lakes.
The damage has been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change.What we need is a Big Ditch!
Presently no patents exist which are commercialized in order to transfer fresh water seven times farther than existing pipelines. None of the incumbent technologies exceed 80 km using underwater pipelines, except for the HUG, an Innovative Water Transfer System, which has a 500 km range.
· The HUG Siphon system can be buried under any populated built up areas. HUG can also be raised to189.5 m above sea level.
· It will be difficult to say NO to Water Export Revenue of $433 Million/year at the auction price of $0.13/ m3s for 135 m3
· Each of the 150 million people whose needs could be served by the project would pay the reasonable rate of $50 per year. So, annual income from the exports would be $7.5 billion.
· The total initial cost of this mega project is $347.5 + $232.25 = $580 million.
· HUG has a potential of Hydro Revenue of $210 Million/yr (11 kW/m2)
· HUG has a potential of Water Export Revenue of 56 m3s@auction price of $0.13/ m3s of $180 Million/yr/HUG System
· Water Export Revenue of 2000 m3s = $6.4 Billion/yr for 35 HUG Siphon Systems
· Return on Investment : $180 +$210 / $580 million = 67%/yr for 1 HUG System.
· An alternative desalination plant (1.2 m3s) is twice the price, because it is energy intensive and it incurs high-pollution costs that could escalate as energy price increase.
· Nine bodies of 265 m3s water share the same environment: only a distance of 1.5 m to 12 km apart, which can be diverted to Lake Superior.
A spiraling pipeline allows the transfer of water to travel two to three times faster, abet longer distances: water prefers to travel in a whirlpool fashion rather than a turbulent straight line. We introduce the HUGWater Transfer System.
The PVC pipeline is produced in a braided fashion. The cross section of the HUG pipeline is more efficientbecause of the physics of the vortex.
The manufacturing of the HUG pipeline is extremely efficient: the interwoven pipeline is fed directly into the ocean, while being controlled by both ballasts and buoys on its journey 50 meters below the surface of the ocean.
This invention reduces the need for large dimension water pumps and allows ocean-going fresh water transfers to exceed 500 km, where 80 km is presently the norm, because of the friction created in a straight pipeline.
The simple answer is that water never wants to flow in a straight line as in the case of present pipelines. Instead, the molecules of water wants to align itself in a vortex not unlike how the water leaves your bathtub — in a whirlpool configuration. So the new technology simply creates an environment where the water flows in a corkscrew fashion, but at four times the speed and with little or no friction. The actual production of the HUG begins on a pipeline laying ship. Continue reading HUG WATER TRANSFER 2→
HUGis a patented water transfer system that will literally change the face of our world as we know it, especially in Africa. Imagine new fresh water delivered over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
What we call violent conflict should be seen for what it is: poverty hunger, water scarcity & despair. Most of all we need to subdue our fears and cynicism and provide HOPE. We need science and technology.
Angola has an abundance of water, but they lack the means to deliver it to Luanda. Only one in six Luandans in Angola have basic sanitation services. Thousands of Angolans died of cholera in 2006 caused by filthy rivers.
Senegal can alleviate Extreme Water Stress for itself and parts of Africa. Total Water Loss to the Sea: 30%
Ghana can alleviate Extreme Water Stress for itself and parts of Africa. Total Water Loss to the Sea: 50%.
HUGTechnology can alleviate Extreme Water Stress to parts of America. Imagine new fresh water transfer over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
The traditional method of transferring water is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline.The New Patented Pipeline, calledHUGencourages a laminar flow with little or no friction. The HUG require little or no huge water pumps.
The HUGPipeline lay rate is more efficient because the seamless pipeline is extruded directly from a pipe laying ship.
California Undersea Aqueduct Proposal
The high costs, which includes construction, maintenance & operation, was to be $150 billion.
The cost was much too high: $55 million/mile or $34 million/km. So construction was to start in 50 to 60 years from then (1965) or up to 10 years from now. The most recent estimate (1996) was 30% less but still too high: $16.5 million/mile.
The traditional method is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline.
This old pipeline system requires several expensive large dimension water pumps and water reservoirs along its pathway with a maximum length of less than 70 km. Imagine new fresh water delivered 500 – 1200 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
Most of the large massive water movements take water from the interior and send it to the coast. This water can be better used in the interior. Los Angeles could be taken off the Colorado River supply, which has diminished too much already.Continue reading WATER TRANSFER IN AMERICA 2→
Irrigation Potential is not rocket science: it is HUG pumps and pipelines.The payback in GDP is enormous because farmers have only seen one dry year as 2015 in the 50 years of farming. It takes political will.
The new patented pipeline, called HUG Pipeline require little or no huge water pumps. This water pipeline, encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction. Now we finally have an irrigation system that require no electricity or no diesel oil.