HYDROGEN ENERGY COMING
Allow us to introduce hydrogen electrolysis. Because hydrogen is a clean universal fuel that can be used to power buses, trucks, cars, planes, trains, boats and ships. There is no carbon imprint and it is renewable and sustainable.
SMOG IN CHINA
China’s ‘airpocalypse’ kills 350,000 to 500,000 Chinese each year.
China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal, which meets more than 70 percent of its energy needs. The country produced 3.8 billion tons of coal in 2011 – almost half of the world’s total. Coal may be considered a cheap source of energy, but the air and water pollution caused by the mining and use of the mineral is devastating. According to Greenpeace, 2.5 tons of water is polluted for each ton of coal produced.
“If air pollution is not reduced we will have more and more respiratory disease, including lung cancer, COPD, asthma and even pneumonia and also heart disease, coronary heart disease,” warned Dr Bai, who is also chairman of the Chinese Alliance against Lung Cancer and the director and founder of the Shanghai Respiratory Research Institute. China diagnoses around 1.3 million new cases of chronic bronchitis and emphysema each year, and around 600,000 new cases of lung cancer. Over the last 30 years deaths ascribed to lung cancer have risen by a factor of five in China,
Everywhere you go in China, you will observe electrical transmission lines. These are all very necessary to support industrial growth. There is a high price to be paid for coal driven turbines. The sky is blue only for a short time after a rainfall because of the heavy smog overcast.
The Communist Party is worried that if they don’t solve severe environmental problems, they will be rejected by growing discontent: thousands of premature deaths annually and billions of workdays due to sickness. China’s rivers and lakes are among the world’s most polluted.
There is a real problem when the Petroleum Institute publishes annual reports which show that all the petroleum in the world will likely be used up by about 2045 and all the natural gas in the world will be used up by about 2065, at current consumption rates.
The Toyota FCHV-adv, Toyota’s latest fuel cell vehicle can go over 430 miles on one tank of hydrogen. The combination of range, efficiency, and cleanliness is why hydrogen offers the best promise of completely removing motor vehicles from the pollution equation.
Over 500 hydrogen fueling stations are currently operating around the world, and are demonstrating just how quickly and easily FCEVs can be filled. In the U.S., California has more than 20 operating (8 public) and is supporting deployment of new public hydrogen stations in the Los Angeles and San Francisco areas, and other stations are open, or in planning, in a number of other states.
There are 135,000 service stations in EU-25 in Europe. The wish of the European Commission for the market share of hydrogen in the transportation sector is 5% by 2020 This corresponds to about 8000 filling stations with a capacity of 1000 Nm3 H2/h. About 200 hydrogen-filling stations have been built for demonstration purposes so far more than one third of them based on reforming. For the first time, every location in Germany can be reached by a fuel-cell vehicle.
An electrolyzer works by running an electrical current through water that splits it into oxygen and hydrogen: the only byproducts are heat and water.
Currently, hydrogen is primarily used in the chemical industry, but in the near future it will become a significant fuel. There are many processes for hydrogen production. Today, more than 95 percent of the annual global hydrogen requirement is obtained from natural gas. Hydrogen from natural gas (produced via steam reforming at fueling station): $4 – $5 per kilogram of hydrogen
Water electrolysis works well at a small scale, and the process is even more sustainable if electricity used is derived from low cost renewable sources like the HUG.
Economics of renewable resources for hydrogen production
New Technology: Researchers at the University of Calgary say they have developed a novel method for making catalysts using inexpensive metals with the catalysts costing just $58 an ounce, as opposed to $1700 an ounce for platinum. Another new type of fuel cell catalyst that has more than 30 times the catalytic activity than conventional catalysts and uses 85% less platinum.
The HUG system is entirely sustainable at a maintenance costs of $0.01/kWh, which is the exact amount of government subsidy provided for each kWh. This cost does not include the interest paid for the capitalization over 25 years.
Forecourt Hydrogen Production
Forecourt production develops the potential economic advantages of placing small modular units at fueling stations to avoid the initial investment of underutilized large central facilities and delivery infrastructures.
Construction of a 100% Renewable Hydrogen Refueling Station: $2,125,000 Interest Rate: 5% for 25 years: $12,400/mo
|Adjustable Rates / Model||kWh consumed per hour||H2 gas produced cubic meters/hour
||H2 gas produced Nm3 H2/hr
Electrolysis Unit HG -200: Interest Rate: 5% for 25 years Monthly Payment: $4,700/mo
The cost of gaseous storage tubes on pressure: at a low 140 atm the low cost of tube is $400/kg H2 whereas at 540 atm the cost is $ 2100/kg H2 using other processes.
The initial size of small-scale reformers for hydrogen filling stations should be between100 and 300 Nm3 H2/hr. We use 200 Nm3 H2/hr in our estimates.
If a fuel cell car takes 4 kg of hydrogen per fill, then one unit can only fill 32 cars a day.
An average car drives 12,000/365 = 33 miles per day so it would use about ½ kg of hydrogen. So this small-scale reformers unit would support a fleet of about 250 cars.
Due to high energy requirements of about 32.9 – 60 kWh (kilowatt hours) x $0.045–$0.05/kWh (non-peak hours) to produce one kilogram of hydrogen gas in most industrial electrolysers, the cost to produce is high: $14,800 -$30,000/month for 10,000 kg/month of hydrogen
The goal is to build each hydrogen filling station with a capacity of 1000 Nm3 H2/h, which will reduce the overall cost by a further 10%
CHEAP ELECTRICITY: $0.01/kWh (after subsidy of the same value), which is much less than $0.07/kWh, the cost in China for coal turbines.
It is economical where the electricity is very cheap. The process of electrolysis used for extraction of hydrogen was always considered to be more expensive compared to the conventional methods of production of H2 from hydrocarbons — until the HUG lowered the cost of electricity
1. Construction of a 880 kW HUG System: $4,718,000 Interest Rate: 5% for 25 years: $36,175/mo.
2. Construction of Hydrogen Refueling Station: $2,125,000 Interest Rate: 5% for 25 years: 12,400/mo.
3. Electrolysis System: $800,000 Interest Rate: 5% for 25 years: 4,700/mo.
The HUG electricity cost is only $0.01/kWh (after subsidies) and delivery cost is reduced: $6,000/mo.
Operational / maintenance cost (labour, electric energy cost etc.): 15% 17,800/mo.
Total Cost: $7,643,000: $77,075/mo.
Total Cost with Current Subsidy: $3,315,000: $35,500/mo. + $23,800 = $59,300/mo.
Sales of Hydrogen per filling station: 10,000 kg/mo x $7.77/kg = $77,700/mo to break even without any subsidies.
The California Energy Commission has awarded $46.6 million in funding to several companies in order to build 28 new hydrogen fueling stations or $1,660,000/Hydrogen Filling Station: this represents a 78% funding for a Hydrogen Refueling Station. Could this potential funding ($3,886,000)increase for the Construction of a 880 kW HUG System, which is the starting point for the whole project?
Sales of Hydrogen per filling station: 10,000 kg/mo x $5.93/kg = $59,300/mo to break even with Current Subsidies.
(With a capacity of 10,000 gal/mo gasoline equivalent)
Cost per gallon Hydrogen: $1.00 – $1.80/kg (gge) gallon of gasoline equivalent: versus US Gasoline: $1.85 – $2.30/US gallon:
Subsidy Shortfall: $1.80/$5.17/kg: $7,600/mo shortfall x 12 = $90,000 in order to sell the Hydrogen at $5.80/kg. A reduction in the $1.25 sales tax would provide the necessary return on investment while the price of U.S. gasoline is below $2.67.
The set-up cost will require putting some kind of price on carbon, which is coming. In some cities, the pollution is so bad that you rarely see the sun, except for a few hours after a rainfall. There is simply no other choice to eliminate the carbon imprint.
Yet, $5.80/kg still seems like a bargain when you factor in the high efficiency of hydrogen fuel: 66 miles/gal.:
As a point of reference, hydrogen (likely from natural gas) sold for $8.18/kg (41% increase)at the Washington, D.C. Benning Road Shell fueling station. Moreover, hydrogen produced from hydroelectric power sold for $6.28/kg (8% higher) in Norway.
As the price of both oil and gas have always historically increased, the profit margins of a Hydrogen Filling Station will increase proportionally as you can see from the 41% increase above.
Sources: National Hydrogen Association U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.EPA)
INNOVATIVE HUG: supplying the Hydrogen Service Stations for hybrid trucks, buses and cars.
- The Hydrogen is created at or near the Hydrogen Filling Station: within the city at a pylon of a bridge or behind an installed Energy Body
- The cost of this station is being reduced by half, because of expensive delivery of hydrogen gas is eliminated.
- No smog and no need for long high pressured hydrogen pipelines or specialized trucks.
- The cost of this station is reduced because of expensive transfer of Hydrogen gas is eliminated.
- provides cheap electricity: $0.01/kWh (after subsidy of the same value), which is much less than $0.07/kWh, the cost in China for coal turbines.
- The Chinese in Beijing are planning to build a hydrogen park: they have a goal of reducing its hydrogen power consumption lower than $0.038/kWh.
GREEN HYDRO POWER STATIONS The installation of most of very low head sites is technically feasible, but civil works give rise to high costs, resulting to economically enviable projects. To solve this problem, one must design a new machine using a completely different philosophy to equip such sites. The study of current turbines reveals that they were all invented on the basis of a poor understanding of hydrodynamics, and a consequent false premise.
MOBILE HUG: The HUG development is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of HUG turbines can be installed with only a short period of 12 to 18 months between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow: it is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.
PRE-FABRICATED HUG Standardized pre-fabricated modules should make it possible to order this new product as a “power plant kit” just like ordering from a catalog. The HUG power plant uses standardized parts, so no custom engineering is necessary. A one-size-fits-all pathway could be ordered.
Why is the HUG Frictionless? When we direct the water to flow at its natural mode, it hugs the inner wall. This kind of vortex motion tends to accelerate and contract the stream of water. The less collisions improves the flow, i.e. the better ordered and more dense the flow will be. The net result is that the velocity of the flow in the HUG is four to five times faster than the river velocity.
SOME IMPORTANT LINKS:
HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION
- A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
- An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
- A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
- The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
- Living Water Micro Finance: LivingWaterMicroFinance.org
- Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
- Deliverance Is: Deliveranceis.com
- God Love Letters: GodLoveLetters.com
BILLIONS OF CHRISTIANS CAN’ T ALL BE WRONG!
Christianity is not a philosophy, but it is a relationship with God, your Creator, in Christ TODAY. It is not knowledge of abstract principles.
HOW DO WE KNOW THIS?
Some Christian disciples use deliverance to deliver away evil spirits influencing people. These evil spirits cause depression, addictions and illness through all forms of stress.
2. COMPLETE SENSE OF PEACE?
After you have been delivered from evil influences, you will have a definite physical experience of a complete sense of peace.
Once you experience a physical sense of peace because of deliverance, you know that you will be healed. This helps you build up your faith, which is very crucial: No faith! No healing!
Some Christian disciples have the gift of healing. Only the Name of Jesus Christ makes healing and deliverance possible.
THE WHOLE FAMILY BENEFITS
In the end, one Christian conversion will benefit the whole family. The gifts of the Holy Spirit of healing and deliverance will help the whole family. A prayer of deliverance of evil spirits will leave any member of the family with a complete sense of peace immediately. A prayer of healing from a Christian disciple produces 80% healing. The remaining healing comes from continued prayer of praise and thanksgiving until all the healing is complete. This healing comes from the Holy Spirit through the power in the Name of Jesus Christ. No other god or deity or doctor uses this power. This proves the TRUTH OF CHRISTIANITY.
God divinely inspired the BIBLE . How do we know? Each of eight accurate predictions shows a high probability mathematically. The probability of one individual fulfilling eight prophecies have odds of 1 in 10 17 (1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000). Jesus Christ fulfilled all prophecies, therefore the Bible MUST BE TRUE.
The Old Testament indicates another 40 astonishing predictions.
Christianity experiences stunning growth—from approximately 3.8 million adherents in China in 1956 to an estimated 87 to 100 million Christians today.
HOW IS JESUS STILL ALIVE TODAY?
Jesus is alive today! He heals today (through His followers) and in many cases it is realized immediately. How else can you explain the explosion of Christianity, the world’s largest religion, on earth: 2.2 billion adherents, nearly a third (31 percent) of all 6.9 billion people on Earth.
Christians know and feel His Presence; they communicate with Him personally; Christian prayers are always answered.
This author has been given the Gift of Healing only because he is a Christian Lay Missionary, who travels two to three places every year. On his last trip to Columbia he successfully transferred his Gift to his Spanish translators, who were able to heal as he did. He has healed Muslims to their great surprise.
He also delivers away evil spirits along with their healing. All those who are delivered from evil spirits feel a complete physical sense of peace.
DREAMS AND VISIONS
God can give a message to those non-Christians to change their heart. God knows faith will be developed eventually. God will come to you in the form of dreams or visions. So be sensitive to any dreams or visions, when you ask God for it earnestly.
HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED HOW TO BECOME A CHRISTIAN?
- Christians don’t shout, “I live a clean life!” Christians whisper “I feel lost, but now God found me and God forgives me.”
- Christians don’t speak with pride. They confess that they stumble and need Christ to be their guide.
- Christians don’t say,” I’m strong.” They say they try to be strong because they need strength.
- Christians don’t brag about success, but they admit that they fail and they need God to clean the mess.
- Christians don’t claim to be perfect, but God still believes in them.
- Christians still feel the sting of pain. They have their share of headaches but they still call upon His Name.
- Christians are not holier than others. They are simple sinners who receive God’s unbelievable Grace.
Christianity on a Table Napkin:
“If you declare with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.” Romans 10:9
God the Father will wipe every tear from our eyes, and there shall be no more death or mourning, crying out or pain. We will be like Him, for we will see Him as He is The Holy Spirit will have made all things new. Eternal joy will begin. “For the Mighty One has done great things for me— holy is His name.” Luke 1: 49
Are we not like Barabbas who was justly condemned for murder, but saved by the innocent Jesus on the cross? Are we not like the adulterous woman, deserving of death by stoning, to whom Jesus says, “I do not condemn you”? And Jesus saved them both. In fact, Jesus came to earth specifically to look for and save those who were lost, like you.
“Come now, let us settle the matter,” says the LORD, “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool”. Isaiah 1:18
You may need some counseling with a pastor, priest or competent Christian worker, who will introduce you to a Short Course on Who is Jesus? Start by reading a short biography of Jesus in the Gospel of Luke. Read several verses before going to bed and read the same verse upon arising. He will defend you from attacks of the enemy when you ask Him.
Healing and Deliverance (Ctrl + Click to follow Link)
- Abuse and Trauma
- A Vision of Hell
- Breaking Free of Controlling Spirits
- Can a Smart Person believe in God
- Cigarette and Drug Bust
- Deliverance from Depression
- Deliverance from Drugs and Addiction
- Deliverance from Prison
- Deliverance PowerPoint
- Divine Healing
- Do you Know an Alcoholic?
- Don’t be Afraid of Fear
- Gluttony is Not Merely Overeating
- God’s Protection and Blessing
- Healing and Deliverance General Information
- Healing and Deliverance Instructions
- Healing Hands: Father Melvin Doucette
- Healing of Relationships
- How to Keep Your Healing Once you have Received it
- Insomnia and Deliverance
- Jesus Cures a Blind Man at Bethsaida
- Joy and Sorrow
- Let’s Start
- Lust and its Brother Pornography
- Physical Healing
- Power of Healing
- Prisoner of Unforgiveness
- The Healing Power of Jesus
- The High Stakes of Gambling Addiction
- Three Ways of Self-Deliverance
- Ungodly Soul Ties
- Ungodly Superstitious Beliefs
- Your Part
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