How Proposed Water Transfer Works
A spiraling pipeline allows the transfer of water to travel two to three times faster, abet longer distances: water prefers to travel in a whirlpool fashion rather than a turbulent straight line. We introduce the HUG Water Transfer System.
The PVC pipeline is produced in a braided fashion. The cross section of the HUG pipeline is more efficient because of the physics of the vortex.
The manufacturing of the HUG pipeline is extremely efficient: the interwoven pipeline is fed directly into the ocean, while being controlled by both ballasts and buoys on its journey 50 meters below the surface of the ocean.
This invention reduces the need for large dimension water pumps and allows ocean-going fresh water transfers to exceed 500 km, where 80 km is presently the norm, because of the friction created in a straight pipeline.
How different will this new Innovative HUG® technology be?
The simple answer is that water never wants to flow in a straight line as in the case of present pipelines. Instead, the molecules of water wants to align itself in a vortex not unlike how the water leaves your bathtub — in a whirlpool configuration. So the new technology simply creates an environment where the water flows in a corkscrew fashion, but at four times the speed and with little or no friction. The actual production of the HUG begins on a pipeline laying ship.
Continue reading HUG WATER TRANSFER 2
Water Transfer Technology in Africa
HUG is a patented water transfer system that will literally change the face of our world as we know it, especially in Africa. Imagine new fresh water delivered over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
What we call violent conflict should be seen for what it is: poverty hunger, water scarcity & despair. Most of all we need to subdue our fears and cynicism and provide HOPE. We need science and technology.
Angola has an abundance of water, but they lack the means to deliver it to Luanda. Only one in six Luandans in Angola have basic sanitation services. Thousands of Angolans died of cholera in 2006 caused by filthy rivers.
Senegal can alleviate Extreme Water Stress for itself and parts of Africa. Total Water Loss to the Sea: 30%
Ghana can alleviate Extreme Water Stress for itself and parts of Africa. Total Water Loss to the Sea: 50%.
EUROPEAN WATER TRANSFER
HUG Technology can alleviate Extreme Water Stress to parts of Europe and Africa. Imagine new fresh water transfer over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
Water can be for Sale if…
1.There is water rights for those who cannot afford to buy it.
2.The water isn’t used for unsustainable lifestyles.
3.Water must be environmentally acceptable & sustainable.
Otherwise water is a human right, not a commodity. It is a public trust.
Total Water Loss to the Sea: 36%. France can alleviate Extreme Water Stress to parts of Europe and Africa.
Total Water Loss to the Sea: 47%. Scotland can alleviate Extreme Water Stress to parts of Europe and North Africa.
Great Britain Fresh Water Transfer Project Continue reading WATER TRANSFER IN EUROPE 2
AMERICAN WATER TRANSFER
HUG Technology can alleviate Extreme Water Stress to parts of America. Imagine new fresh water transfer over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
The traditional method of transferring water is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline. The New Patented Pipeline, called HUG encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction. The HUG require little or no huge water pumps.
The HUG Pipeline lay rate is more efficient because the seamless pipeline is extruded directly from a pipe laying ship.
California Undersea Aqueduct Proposal
The high costs, which includes construction, maintenance & operation, was to be $150 billion.
The cost was much too high: $55 million/mile or $34 million/km. So construction was to start in 50 to 60 years from then (1965) or up to 10 years from now. The most recent estimate (1996) was 30% less but still too high: $16.5 million/mile.
The traditional method is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline.
This old pipeline system requires several expensive large dimension water pumps and water reservoirs along its pathway with a maximum length of less than 70 km. Imagine new fresh water delivered 500 – 1200 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
Most of the large massive water movements take water from the interior and send it to the coast. This water can be better used in the interior. Los Angeles could be taken off the Colorado River supply, which has diminished too much already. Continue reading WATER TRANSFER IN AMERICA 2
LABRADOR HYDRO TECHNOLOGY
In general, small and mini hydro power generation technology like HUG have shorter gestation periods (approx. one year) compared to large hydro power plants (7 years). In addition, small and mini hydro give a higher return on investment due to the low capital investment and maintenance costs. The energy potential of small and mini hydro plants, which are easier to construct and commission due to simpler designs. This keeps costs down especially in remote areas like Labrador.
New technology leads to new growth opportunities:
- HUG is a Patented Energy System that will literally change the face of our world as we know it.
- Energy costs of diesel electricity (not including capital costs) are very high: $0.63 per kWh vs. $0.15/kWh for HUG
- HUG extracts power from a water flow without the use of an expensive dam: Cost $1,000,000: $4000/kW
- Laminar flow of the HUG creates a boundary layer at the wall of the spiraling cylinder resulting in zero friction: this increases the velocity up to four times.
The next largest sector is the Small Hydro Power (1Mw to 10 MW) and Large Hydro Power (more than 10 MW) markets deploying larger scaled-up HUG models in estuaries and ocean currents. With 102 estuaries in U.S. and over 3,000 globally, tidal estuaries are ideal sources of water power adding significantly to potential production.
The HUG innovation can also be in the Small Hydro category which had a market of $14 Billion in 2008 and experiencing a 16% growth per year. In 2015, Small Hydro will be a $40 Billion market typified by tidal estuaries and large river systems.
Mining Companies like Quest Rare Minerals have a serious energy problem, which could make or break their proposal.
- Diesel Oil must be carted inland for hundreds of miles near Lac Brisson, Uyagalatok Rapids and Voisy Bay.
- Yet only 16 km away is a 100MW HUG solution.
The Innovative HUG System creates approximately $18 million in new revenue period over three years– with an investment of $ 7 million over the same time frame; netting $11 in new money, yet this investment can be flipped as a Hydro Public Private Partnerships, earning a pre-tax return of 10% for decades. Based on these high earnings, the value of the investment will appreciate accordingly.
These take different forms. Many employ a mix of public and private funding, with the operation and maintenance of the infrastructure performed by a private enterprise on behalf of the government. The most familiar example of a PPP is the Confederation Bridge between New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. But there are still relatively few existing PPPs in Canada.
Other countries, such as the United Kingdom and Australia, offer many examples of successful PPP infrastructure. Unlike most jurisdictions in Canada, these other countries already have a well-developed legal and regulatory framework for PPP investments
OUR NORTHYDRO STRATEGY
- Stage 1 To capture energy from Run-of-River, Rapids and Waterfalls with the HUG
- Stage 2 To introduce a smaller version of the HUG: for Fish and Hunting Camps
- Stage 3 HUG Hydro electricity and irrigation in remote areas: to support work in Africa.
- Stage 4 To Introduce the HUG Water Transfer System to crisis area
- Stage 5 To introduce commercially viable HUG Tidal Energy