Here is the SECRET!The HUG Wave Energy innovation adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.
The Solution:There have been a lot of wasted efforts in solving wave energy problems because of a wrong pathway. This may be the real reason why United States and Canada have not entered into the fray with the Europeans: they had not been presented with an obvious valid solution with adequate power density. TheHUG‘s compact and robust wave power plant enables over ten times higher annual energy output per ton compared to conventional wave devices.
The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:
The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Damon the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUGSiphon System for 171 km. to the Great Lakes.
The damage has been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change.What we need is a Big Ditch!
Presently no patents exist which are commercialized in order to transfer fresh water seven times farther than existing pipelines. None of the incumbent technologies exceed 80 km using underwater pipelines, except for the HUG, an Innovative Water Transfer System, which has a 500 km range.
· The HUG Siphon system can be buried under any populated built up areas. HUG can also be raised to189.5 m above sea level.
· It will be difficult to say NO to Water Export Revenue of $433 Million/year at the auction price of $0.13/ m3s for 135 m3
· Each of the 150 million people whose needs could be served by the project would pay the reasonable rate of $50 per year. So, annual income from the exports would be $7.5 billion.
· The total initial cost of this mega project is $347.5 + $232.25 = $580 million.
· HUG has a potential of Hydro Revenue of $210 Million/yr (11 kW/m2)
· HUG has a potential of Water Export Revenue of 56 m3s@auction price of $0.13/ m3s of $180 Million/yr/HUG System
· Water Export Revenue of 2000 m3s = $6.4 Billion/yr for 35 HUG Siphon Systems
· Return on Investment : $180 +$210 / $580 million = 67%/yr for 1 HUG System.
· An alternative desalination plant (1.2 m3s) is twice the price, because it is energy intensive and it incurs high-pollution costs that could escalate as energy price increase.
· Nine bodies of 265 m3s water share the same environment: only a distance of 1.5 m to 12 km apart, which can be diverted to Lake Superior.
Dam removal is the process of removing out-dated, dangerous, or ecologically damaging dams from river systems. There are thousands of out-dated dams in the United States that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as many more recent ones that have caused such great ecological damage, and they are proposed for removal as Decommissioned Dams. We introduce the HUG low cost solution.
By 2020, over 70% of US dams will be 50 years or older and in need of repair, replacement or removal. In addition, there are over 49,000 low-head, non-powered dams in the U.S. suitable for hydro power. This presents a unique opportunity to equip or upgrade dams, thus providing a financial incentive for dam restoration while contributing to the country’s clean energy portfolio.
Existing options are not suited for low head sites
Current state-of-the-art solutions for low head small and micro hydro systems are generally a one size fits all solution. As a result, turbomachinery suppliers either provide standardized runners with lower efficiencies because the specifics of the water flow and head are not adequately taken into account, or they adjust their design to the waterway under consideration and must then charge large engineering fees. Either way, the project is often not efficient and therefore not economically attractive particularly at the lower end of the head range.
Current costs are too high
Current costs for new turbo- machinery is exorbitantly expensive, rendering a profitable endeavor at most small and micro hydro sites unfeasible. Turbo-machinery suppliers provide standardized runners that will operate within a wide window of head ranges, but providing unacceptable efficiencies at the upper and lower edge of the ranges; or will charge excessive engineering fees when requested to provide the site specific turbine geometry that is required to economically produce power.
Current methods are outdated and inefficient
Small and micro hydro turbines available on the market today are designed and fabricated using methods and materials developed in the 1930’s. These existing designs are expensive and overbuilt, and typically limited to sites with much higher heads than is generally the case. Accordingly, small hydro units are either not optimized for the specific location, or require significant engineering cost that make the value proposition unattractive in most cases.
The cost of upgrading and maintaining many older dams to meet present safety standards is becoming significant as we see from the estimates of the cost to revive the Maynard Dam with a final return on investments in 20 years.
Many older dams, especially those associated with abandoned or outdated industrial and navigation facilities are no longer needed. Many of these old dams in the US have simply been abandoned by their owners, when the cost of maintaining an old dam exceeds the receipts from power sales and liability increases.
The HUG hydro innovation potential is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of HUG turbines can be installed with only a short period of 12 to 18 months between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow: it is mobile, modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.
The flowing water source rotates the turbine in the HUG, which is coupled to a submersible electrical generator. The electrical generator produces electrical power for distribution. All this is accomplished without the use of dams.
Why not just build a dam? There are many situations where
(1) Damming of the flowing water is prohibitively expensive
(2) It is impossible because of soil conditions
(3) It is impracticable because of navigational needs for the flowing water.
(4) Good land areas for construction have already been taken
(5) Consumes a lot of time for planning and construction
TheRing of FirePotentialwill come down to one factor, which will make or break any prospects: Hydro Electricity, which is not expensive. We cannot build massive dams in remote areas at a low cost.
Enter the HUG!
Noront Resources alone spent $19 million in 2009. One industry analyst suggests that the six companies drilling in the area will spend around $250 million over five years on exploration. Since site access is by fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters, the budget for transportation is huge. Noront was exploring for nickel, platinum and palladium at its Eagle’s Nest project in north-eastern Ontario. Freewest Resources Canada Inc. stumbled upon an even more plentiful material, chromite, on a 3-square-kilometre piece of land smack in the middle of wetlands and bush.
A counter offer was made by Cliffs Natural Resources Inc., the largest supplier of iron ore to North America. Cliffs won. U.S.-based Cliffs also owns part of KWG Resources Inc.
Canada Chrome is a subsidiary of KWG Resources Inc., one of the companies involved in the $1.5 billion development, which includes an $800-million mine scheduled to go into production by 2015. Canada Chrome will operate the mine and build a 350-kilometre long haul railway capable of moving four-million tons of ore a year from McFauld’s Lake to Nakina.
Today, the roll call of companies in the area is impressive: Metalex Ventures Corp., Canadian Orebodies Inc. (Don McKinnon of Hemlo gold discovery fame and his son Gordon), East West Resources Corp., Mill City Gold Corp., MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd., Probe Mines Ltd. Temex Resources Corp.and Diamondex Resources Ltd. to name a few of the 100 plus.
The Freewest Black Thor chromite prospect has an estimated 2 km strike length.
The installation of most of very low head sites is technically feasible, but civil works give rise to high costs, resulting to economically enviable projects. To solve this problem, one must design a new machine using a completely different philosophy to equip such sites: the small hydro power system.
The study of current turbines reveals that they were all invented on the basis of a poor understanding of hydrodynamics, and a consequent false premise.
The new damless development of a submerged helical pathway is capable of extracting high energy from low head sites at very low cost because of a physics phenomenon, called repulsion energy, which speeds up the current at the extremity of the curves. This is an exciting breakthrough in green energy; it is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.
The secret is in the natural motion of the water, which is a vortex. Water reduces resistance by curving more and more inwards thereby avoiding the confrontational resistance of straight motion. Nature has no use for the straight line: think of the water that leaves your bathtub; give it a twirl and see what happens.
The threshold velocity required to energize a turbine in fast water is 3.1 m/sec. The vast majority of river/ocean currents in the Canada and United States are slower than 3 m/sec. The HUG taps into a vast new source of clean and renewable energy of water currents as slow as 2 m/sec. previously off limits to conventional turbine technology. Even if the flow is less than 2 m/sec, the HUG introduces the Energy Body to make a difference.