The usual ‘Run-of-River’hydroelectric facilities could be improved by more than 300% by using the HUGsystem, because it maximizes the kinetic energy. One must harness the natural serpentine flow instead of the straight pipes leading to the bottom of a Run-of-River turbine.
Redirecting water flow to‘Run-of-River’, funnels into an innovativeHUG, which requires no dam and uses the Power of the Vortex.
Presently no patents exist, which are commercially viable, to capture energy from rapids or rivers without a dam.
Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), which require no dams or barrages.
The global technical potential of small hydro power is estimated between 150,000 and 200,000 MW.
We can start an aboriginal renewalunder the Aboriginal Loan Guarantee Program for the HUG. Aboriginal communities will be eligible for loan guarantees for assistance of up to 85% of total eligible economic development costs. These communities may offer land as cash in kind as part of their investment.
ABORIGINAL TOURIST, HUNTING AND FISHING CAMPS WITH ELECTRICITY
The Federal Aboriginal Loan or Grant for Industrial Development of Native Reservations for a pilot energy project:
On the St. Charles River on the Wendake Reservation.
With Native Communities near Fort McMurray: People of the Lower Athabasca
Electricity for the Ring of Fire Mining Companies
The Nation Huronne-Wendat may wish to offer the value of the land, on which the project is operating, as cash-in kind, as part of their contribution to the funding sources.
The most important consideration is cost: $885/kW is unusually low compared to most other hydro electric generation systems. In 2009, Hydro-Quebec cost for 4500 MW was $5,100/kW. See the comparison chart below.
Presently no patents exist to capture energy from fast moving rivers up to now. The Power Density of any pilot projects designed to capture energy from tides is 2.4 to 6.9 kW/m2. The reason for the low efficiency is that the flow of a current treats all these turbines as obstacles to be avoided. The HUG Power Densityis an unbelievable 73 kW/m2.The Power Density increases to the cube of the velocity and the HUG velocity is four to five times faster than the competition.
The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Damon the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUGSiphon System for 171 km. to the Great Lakes.
The damage has been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change.What we need is a Big Ditch!
Presently no patents exist which are commercialized in order to transfer fresh water seven times farther than existing pipelines. None of the incumbent technologies exceed 80 km using underwater pipelines, except for the HUG, an Innovative Water Transfer System, which has a 500 km range.
· The HUG Siphon system can be buried under any populated built up areas. HUG can also be raised to189.5 m above sea level.
· It will be difficult to say NO to Water Export Revenue of $433 Million/year at the auction price of $0.13/ m3s for 135 m3
· Each of the 150 million people whose needs could be served by the project would pay the reasonable rate of $50 per year. So, annual income from the exports would be $7.5 billion.
· The total initial cost of this mega project is $347.5 + $232.25 = $580 million.
· HUG has a potential of Hydro Revenue of $210 Million/yr (11 kW/m2)
· HUG has a potential of Water Export Revenue of 56 m3s@auction price of $0.13/ m3s of $180 Million/yr/HUG System
· Water Export Revenue of 2000 m3s = $6.4 Billion/yr for 35 HUG Siphon Systems
· Return on Investment : $180 +$210 / $580 million = 67%/yr for 1 HUG System.
· An alternative desalination plant (1.2 m3s) is twice the price, because it is energy intensive and it incurs high-pollution costs that could escalate as energy price increase.
· Nine bodies of 265 m3s water share the same environment: only a distance of 1.5 m to 12 km apart, which can be diverted to Lake Superior.
Dam removal is the process of removing out-dated, dangerous, or ecologically damaging dams from river systems. There are thousands of out-dated dams in the United States that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as many more recent ones that have caused such great ecological damage, and they are proposed for removal as Decommissioned Dams. We introduce the HUG low cost solution.
By 2020, over 70% of US dams will be 50 years or older and in need of repair, replacement or removal. In addition, there are over 49,000 low-head, non-powered dams in the U.S. suitable for hydro power. This presents a unique opportunity to equip or upgrade dams, thus providing a financial incentive for dam restoration while contributing to the country’s clean energy portfolio.
Existing options are not suited for low head sites
Current state-of-the-art solutions for low head small and micro hydro systems are generally a one size fits all solution. As a result, turbomachinery suppliers either provide standardized runners with lower efficiencies because the specifics of the water flow and head are not adequately taken into account, or they adjust their design to the waterway under consideration and must then charge large engineering fees. Either way, the project is often not efficient and therefore not economically attractive particularly at the lower end of the head range.
Current costs are too high
Current costs for new turbo- machinery is exorbitantly expensive, rendering a profitable endeavor at most small and micro hydro sites unfeasible. Turbo-machinery suppliers provide standardized runners that will operate within a wide window of head ranges, but providing unacceptable efficiencies at the upper and lower edge of the ranges; or will charge excessive engineering fees when requested to provide the site specific turbine geometry that is required to economically produce power.
Current methods are outdated and inefficient
Small and micro hydro turbines available on the market today are designed and fabricated using methods and materials developed in the 1930’s. These existing designs are expensive and overbuilt, and typically limited to sites with much higher heads than is generally the case. Accordingly, small hydro units are either not optimized for the specific location, or require significant engineering cost that make the value proposition unattractive in most cases.
The cost of upgrading and maintaining many older dams to meet present safety standards is becoming significant as we see from the estimates of the cost to revive the Maynard Dam with a final return on investments in 20 years.
Many older dams, especially those associated with abandoned or outdated industrial and navigation facilities are no longer needed. Many of these old dams in the US have simply been abandoned by their owners, when the cost of maintaining an old dam exceeds the receipts from power sales and liability increases.
The Bay of Fundy, (40‘ high), which is the site of the highest tide in the world, is shaped like a horn, which was developed by helical waves over millions of years. It is the same shape found at Anchorage, Alaska (27′ high), because they were created by the same energy of helical waves. The wave of this system causes the water to increase its speed as it is deflected at each turn. The narrowest point of the Inlet at Anchorage, Alaska has mid-channel speeds up to six knots with an average of 3.8 knots that produce amazing tidal power.
A spiraling pipeline allows the transfer of water to travel two to three times faster, abet longer distances: water prefers to travel in a whirlpool fashion rather than a turbulent straight line. We introduce the HUGWater Transfer System.
The PVC pipeline is produced in a braided fashion. The cross section of the HUG pipeline is more efficientbecause of the physics of the vortex.
The manufacturing of the HUG pipeline is extremely efficient: the interwoven pipeline is fed directly into the ocean, while being controlled by both ballasts and buoys on its journey 50 meters below the surface of the ocean.
This invention reduces the need for large dimension water pumps and allows ocean-going fresh water transfers to exceed 500 km, where 80 km is presently the norm, because of the friction created in a straight pipeline.
The simple answer is that water never wants to flow in a straight line as in the case of present pipelines. Instead, the molecules of water wants to align itself in a vortex not unlike how the water leaves your bathtub — in a whirlpool configuration. So the new technology simply creates an environment where the water flows in a corkscrew fashion, but at four times the speed and with little or no friction. The actual production of the HUG begins on a pipeline laying ship. Continue reading HUG WATER TRANSFER 2→
HUGis a patented water transfer system that will literally change the face of our world as we know it, especially in Africa. Imagine new fresh water delivered over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
What we call violent conflict should be seen for what it is: poverty hunger, water scarcity & despair. Most of all we need to subdue our fears and cynicism and provide HOPE. We need science and technology.
Angola has an abundance of water, but they lack the means to deliver it to Luanda. Only one in six Luandans in Angola have basic sanitation services. Thousands of Angolans died of cholera in 2006 caused by filthy rivers.
Senegal can alleviate Extreme Water Stress for itself and parts of Africa. Total Water Loss to the Sea: 30%
Ghana can alleviate Extreme Water Stress for itself and parts of Africa. Total Water Loss to the Sea: 50%.
HUGTechnology can alleviate Extreme Water Stress to parts of America. Imagine new fresh water transfer over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
The traditional method of transferring water is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline.The New Patented Pipeline, calledHUGencourages a laminar flow with little or no friction. The HUG require little or no huge water pumps.
The HUGPipeline lay rate is more efficient because the seamless pipeline is extruded directly from a pipe laying ship.
California Undersea Aqueduct Proposal
The high costs, which includes construction, maintenance & operation, was to be $150 billion.
The cost was much too high: $55 million/mile or $34 million/km. So construction was to start in 50 to 60 years from then (1965) or up to 10 years from now. The most recent estimate (1996) was 30% less but still too high: $16.5 million/mile.
The traditional method is a straight pipeline, which develops a turbulent flow, caused by the friction on the inside lining of this pipeline.
This old pipeline system requires several expensive large dimension water pumps and water reservoirs along its pathway with a maximum length of less than 70 km. Imagine new fresh water delivered 500 – 1200 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.
Most of the large massive water movements take water from the interior and send it to the coast. This water can be better used in the interior. Los Angeles could be taken off the Colorado River supply, which has diminished too much already.Continue reading WATER TRANSFER IN AMERICA 2→