Tag Archives: kinetic energy

Kinetic Power of Rapids


This large Ottawa River reservoir of rapids can add 70 MW power without impacting on  the environment. The Kipawa  community, would benefit from its kinetic power of rapids. This would provide a return on investment within just a few years.

The 132 MW Tabaret project will eliminate the aquatic ecosystem of the Kipawa River to replace and unused 17 MW Unit and a 5 MW plant.

There are other, smarter and more reasonable options for producing hydro power on the Kipawa watershed: the HUG Hydro System. There are two approaches: one uses kinetic energy of moving water of the rapids and the second use the energy of gravity from small waterfalls.

Kipawa Hydro HUGKipawa Hydro HUGKipawa Hydro HUG

The HUG: the Greatest Potential

Kinetic hydro power is dam-less hydro power that is converted from energy found in the flowing water currents of rivers, oceans, tides and even ocean waves. The HUG is feasible, renewable and clean alternative for low cost power production.  

hug energy system

Imagine two, three or twenty of these barges strung along a river one behind the other without environmental impact.  Individual units come in a variety of sizes ranging  as high as 2 MW, which can support 30,000 homes with electricity.

Hydro power costs less than most energy sources. The HUG has the  lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.




  1. Hug Energy: HugEnergy.us
  2. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
  3. An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
  4. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  5. God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  6. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  7. Microfinance for womenLivingWaterMicroFinance.org
  8. Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com







Ocean Wave Electricity

Here is the SECRET! The HUG  Wave Energy innovation adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.

wave energy

The Solution: There have been a lot of wasted efforts in solving wave energy problems because of a wrong pathway. This may be the real reason why United States and Canada have not entered into the fray with the Europeans: they had not been presented with an obvious valid solution with adequate power density.  The HUG‘s compact and robust wave power plant enables over ten times higher annual energy output per ton compared to conventional wave devices.

The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:hug wave energy

Now let’s explain the real reason for the HUG: HIGH POWER DENSITY Continue reading HUG WAVE ENERGY INNOVATION




Allow us to introduce hydrogen electrolysis. Because hydrogen is a clean universal fuel that can be used to power buses, trucks, cars, planes, trains,  boats and ships. There is no carbon imprint and it is renewable and sustainable.


Smog China
View of a high-rise building in heavy smog in Jilin city, northeast China’s Jilin province

China’s ‘airpocalypse’ kills 350,000 to 500,000 Chinese each year.

China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal, which meets more than 70 percent of its energy needs. The country produced 3.8 billion tons of coal in 2011 – almost half of the world’s total. Coal may be considered a cheap source of energy, but the air and water pollution caused by the mining and use of the mineral is devastating. According to Greenpeace, 2.5 tons of water is polluted for each ton of coal produced.

“If air pollution is not reduced we will have more and more respiratory disease, including lung cancer, COPD, asthma and even pneumonia and also heart disease, coronary heart disease,” warned Dr Bai, who is also chairman of the Chinese Alliance against Lung Cancer and the director and founder of the Shanghai Respiratory Research Institute. China diagnoses around 1.3 million new cases of chronic bronchitis and emphysema each year, and around 600,000 new cases of lung cancer. Over the last 30 years deaths ascribed to lung cancer have risen by a factor of five in China,

Everywhere you go in China, you will observe electrical transmission lines. These are all very necessary to support industrial growth. There is a high price to be paid for coal driven turbines. The sky is blue only for a short time after a rainfall because of the heavy smog overcast.
The Communist Party is worried that if they don’t solve severe environmental problems, they will be rejected by growing discontent: thousands of premature deaths annually and billions of workdays due to sickness. China’s rivers and lakes are among the world’s most polluted.


Why Hydrogen?




  •  Stage 1   To capture energy from Run-of-River, Rapids and Waterfalls with the HUG 
  •  Stage 2   To introduce a smaller version of the HUG: for Fish and Hunting Camps                            
  •  Stage 3   HUG Hydro electricity and irrigation in remote areas: to support work in  South America and Africa.   
  • Stage 4   To Introduce the HUG Water Transfer System to crisis area
  • Stage 5   To introduce commercially viable HUG Tidal Energy

River hydrokinetic energy has great potential, but it is still very much in the developmental stage.

‘Run-of-River’ Innovation

The usual ‘Run-of-River’ hydroelectric facilities could be improved by more than 300% by using the HUG system, because it maximizes the kinetic energy. One must harness the natural serpentine flow instead of the straight pipes leading to the bottom  of a Run-of-River turbine.Slide29

  1. Redirecting water flow to ‘Run-of-River’,  funnels into an innovative HUG, which requires no dam and uses the Power of the Vortex.
  2. Presently no patents exist, which are commercially viable, to capture energy from rapids or rivers without a dam.
  3. Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), which require no dams or barrages.
  4. The global technical potential of small hydro power is estimated between 150,000 and 200,000 MW.


Fitzsimmons Creek Run-of-River: Reanalysis


Continue reading HUG RUN OF RIVER



Decommissioned Dam
Decommissioned Dam

Dam removal is the process of removing out-dated, dangerous, or ecologically damaging dams from river systems. There are thousands of out-dated dams in the United States that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as many more recent ones that have caused such great ecological damage, and they are proposed for removal as Decommissioned Dams. We introduce the HUG low cost solution.

The problem

By 2020, over 70% of US dams will be 50 years or older and in need of repair, replacement or removal. In addition, there are over 49,000 low-head, non-powered dams in the U.S. suitable for hydro power. This presents a unique opportunity to equip or upgrade dams, thus providing a financial incentive for dam restoration while contributing to the country’s clean energy portfolio.

Existing options are not suited for low head sites

Current state-of-the-art solutions for low head small and micro hydro systems are generally a one size fits all solution. As a result, turbomachinery suppliers either provide standardized runners with lower efficiencies because the specifics of the water flow and head are not adequately taken into account, or they adjust their design to the waterway under consideration and must then charge large engineering fees. Either way, the project is often not efficient and therefore not economically attractive particularly at the lower end of the head range.

Current costs are too high

Current costs for new turbo- machinery is exorbitantly expensive, rendering a profitable endeavor at most small and micro hydro sites unfeasible. Turbo-machinery suppliers provide standardized runners that will operate within a wide window of head ranges, but providing unacceptable efficiencies at the upper and lower edge of the ranges; or will charge excessive engineering fees when requested to provide the site specific turbine geometry that is required to economically produce power.

Current methods are outdated and inefficient

Small and micro hydro turbines available on the market today are designed and fabricated using methods and materials developed in the 1930’s. These existing designs are expensive and overbuilt, and typically limited to sites with much higher heads than is generally the case. Accordingly, small hydro units are either not optimized for the specific location, or require significant engineering cost that make the value proposition unattractive in most cases.

The cost of upgrading and maintaining many older dams to meet present safety standards is becoming significant as we see from the estimates of the cost to revive the Maynard Dam with a final return on investments in 20 years.

Many older dams, especially those associated with abandoned or outdated industrial and navigation facilities are no longer needed. Many of these old dams in the US have simply been abandoned by their owners, when the cost of maintaining an old dam exceeds the receipts from power sales and liability increases.

The Competition

Maynard Dam was chosen based on the results of the USACE National Hydropower Resource Assessment (2013) that identified

 Annual generation of 249,829 MWh (20 MW)

Maynard Dam Decommissioning

                   $203,533,845/20,000 kW = $10,175/ kW

                $203,533,845/249,829,000 kW = $.81/KWh

The Canadian Scene

Many of Ontario’s thousands of dams are reaching an age where they’re breaking down. Dams, if not serving a purpose for flood control or electricity generation, are now generally thought of as obstructing the health of rivers.

Of the 2,000 dams in British Columbia, 400 have either outlived their usefulness, provide only marginal benefits, or severely harm coastal fisheries. With the removal of nearly two-dozen small dams in the province, support is growing for more ambitious decommissioning proposals.

On British Columbia’s Theodosia River, a plan to revitalize lucrative commercial- and sport-salmon fisheries in the Georgia Straits is the basis for a plan to decommission a 35-year-old water diversion dam. If removed, the 8-meter-high, 125-meter-long, Theodosia Dam would be the largest dam ever dismantled in Canada.

“No dam was meant to last forever” – they do age and, eventually, outlive their usefulness. 

In a review of all B.C. dams in 2010, after the Testalinden Dam near Oliver collapsed causing major damage, the Providence Dam was deemed one of the most dangerous in the province.

Enter the HUG!Untitled-62

  • Instead of decommissioning dams, which are idle, we should look at decommissioning dams by installing several HUG. There could be a high rate of return because the cost would be relatively low and even lower considering adding the cost of deconstruction. One project alone in Washington cost $325 million to decommission. A narrow set of rapids would be part of the plan in order to allow the wild steel head and salmon to return to the river above the former dam site.
  • How is it possible for a HUG to save the day?  The flow over the dam would be fed into a HUG, which has a helical turbine that rotates an electrical generator. A modulated control assures that the HUG is always filled to the top in order to maintain a constant pressure on the turbine. The electric generator is wired for a steady 60Hz AC current at a required voltage without the use of expensive control systems. We have just saved $325 million and we are now back to producing power as usual.

HUG: Height : 2.14 m; Length 7 m

Kinetic Energy½ x  A x V 3 x efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity)

                = ½ x 5 m2 x (8.3 m/s)3 x .35 = 500 kW/turbine x 9 Turbines = 4.5 MW

Adding Power Economically to a Non-Powered Dam

KINETIC ENERGY = ½ × A × V3  x efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity

1/2 x 1.75 m2 x (10 m/sec)3 x 35%= 306 kW x 6.5 (Venturi )= 2 MW   

  1. Our First Step: to test a 1/20th scale model ($250,000) with an engineering company partner.
  2. Then an actual working prototype on a HUG FLOAT for $1.3 million       

Budget Allowance: $1,300,000 2 MW Decommissioned Dam HUG System: Cost: $78/KW or $0.01/kWh

  • HUG System                                                                                 $675,000
  • 1 Helical Turbine installed                                                      125,000
  • 1 Electrical Generator installed                                              40,000
  • 1 Submersible  Pump  installed                                                10,000
  • HUG System installed                                                             500,000
  • Engineering Planning and Design: 15%                          195,000
  • Contingency, Insurance, Legal costs: 10%                     130,000
  • Grid Connection 5%                                                                        65,000
  • Ten Year Refit 3%                                                                              39,000
  • Loan Interest 3%                                                                                39,000
  • Installation 3%                                                                                    39,000
  • Facilities 3%                                                                                          39,000
  • Mooring 2%                                                                                           26,000
  • Construction Management 3%                                                 39,000
  • O&M First Year 1%                                                                           13,000

Budget Allowance:                                               $1,299,000 

Annual Return on Investment:  90% utilization: 6,370 MWh [x $79 (Quebec)] $500,000: ROI = 38%/yr.

Annual Return on Investment: (Ontario FIT) (using $131/MWh)  $835,000     ROI = 64%/yr.


HUG INNOVATION:  HUG (Helical Unique Generation) is a New Good.

GREEN HYDRO POWER STATIONS The installation of most of very low head sites is technically feasible, but civil works give rise to high costs, resulting to economically enviable projects. To solve this problem, one must design a new machine using a completely different philosophy to equip such sites. The study of current turbines reveals that they were all invented on the basis of a poor understanding of hydrodynamics, and a consequent false premise.

MOBILE HUG: The HUG development is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of HUG turbines can be installed with only a short period of 12 to 18 months between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow: it is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.  

PRE-FABRICATED HUG Standardized pre-fabricated modules should make it possible to order this new product as a “power plant kit” just like ordering from a catalog. The HUG power plant uses standardized parts, so no custom engineering is necessary. A one-size-fits-all pathway could be ordered.

Why is the HUG Frictionless? When we direct the water to flow at its natural mode, it hugs the inner wall. This kind of vortex motion tends to accelerate and contract the stream of water. The less collisions improves the flow, i.e. the better ordered and more dense the flow will be. The net result is that the velocity of the flow in the HUG is four to five times faster than the river velocity.



New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:

Tree Growth

AFRICA RENEWED supported by:

  1. A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
  2. An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  3. An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
  4. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  5. Living Water Micro Finance: LivingWaterMicroFinance.org
  6. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  7. God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  8. A Rabbit and Fish Farm:  Africapitalism.us 
  9. Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com







The Vortex Solution


The velocity of the flow inside the Innovative HUG System increases 4x, thereby introducing a sucking action which scientist call a Negative Pressure which contributes to the Vortex Power of water. This alignment speeds up the flow.


Rowers who have rowed near a pylon know the danger of the faster water near a pylon.

The advantage to using the pylons as ‘Energy Bodies’ is ease of construction and proximity to transmission lines.

  • Velocity= 2.5 m/s at high tide
  • Velocity= 3.75 m/s behind bridge pylon supporting a HUG System.

     Lachine Rapids
    Lachine Rapids

The velocity at the Lachine Rapids is 1.5-3.0 m/sec. The Threshold Velocity required is 3.1 m/sec. Continue reading VORTEX POWER OF WATER



Extracting Tidal Energy TIDAL HUG
Extracting Tidal Energy

The Bay of Fundy, (40‘ high), which is the site of the highest tide in the world, is shaped like a horn, which was developed by helical waves over millions of years. It is the same shape found at Anchorage, Alaska (27′ high), because they were created by the same energy of helical waves. The wave of this system causes the water to increase its speed as it is deflected at each turn. The narrowest point of the Inlet at Anchorage, Alaska has mid-channel speeds up to six knots with an average of 3.8 knots that produce amazing tidal power.

letete Passage Fundy Continue reading TIDAL POWER



The HUG hydro innovation potential is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of HUG turbines can be installed with only a short period of 12 to 18 months between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow: it is mobile, modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.

HUG Power House


The flowing water source rotates the turbine in the HUG, which is coupled to a submersible electrical generator. The electrical generator produces electrical power for distribution.  All this is accomplished without the use of dams.

Why not just build a dam? There are many situations where

(1) Damming of the flowing water is prohibitively expensive

(2) It is impossible because of soil conditions

(3) It is impracticable because of navigational needs for the flowing water.

(4) Good land areas for construction have already been taken

(5) Consumes a lot of time for planning and construction

(6) The life expectancy of dams are only around 50 years



New technology leads to new growth opportunities: HUG is a Patented Energy System that will literally change the potential of the Cree Nation as we know it.


The proposed Great Whale Project reservoirs would have covered 3391 square kilometres, transforming 1667 square kilometres of land environment and 1724 km of aquatic environment (lakes and rivers). The three underground generating stations proposed to tap this water were to have installed capacity exceeding 3200 MW. There is another solution: The HUG!

James Bay Sites The CREE POTENTIAL

Continue reading CREE POTENTIAL