Tag Archives: laminar flow

HUG WAVE ENERGY INNOVATION 2

Ocean Wave Electricity

Here is the SECRET! The HUG  Wave Energy innovation adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.

wave energy

The Solution: There have been a lot of wasted efforts in solving wave energy problems because of a wrong pathway. This may be the real reason why United States and Canada have not entered into the fray with the Europeans: they had not been presented with an obvious valid solution with adequate power density.  The HUG‘s compact and robust wave power plant enables over ten times higher annual energy output per ton compared to conventional wave devices.

The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:hug wave energy

Now let’s explain the real reason for the HUG: HIGH POWER DENSITY Continue reading HUG WAVE ENERGY INNOVATION 2

MEGA DROUGHT 2

GREAT MEGA DROUGHT COMING

The U.S. Southwest and Central Plains regions are likely to be scorched by a decades-long “mega drought” in the second half of this century if climate change continues unabated, scientists from NASA and Cornell and Columbia universities have warned.

In a study published by the journal Science Advances this week, the researchers forecast that future drought risk in the area is likely to exceed even the driest conditions experienced during extensive Medieval-era periods that have been dubbed “mega droughts.”

There is an 80 per cent chance of an extended drought between 2050 and 2099 unless aggressive steps are taken to mitigate the impacts of climate change, the article predicted.

megadrought
Mega Drought

Richard Seager, a senior researcher at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, looked at 19 computer models of the future under current global warming trends. He found remarkable consistency: Sometime before 2050, the models predicted, the Southwest will be gripped in a dry spell akin to the Great Dust Bowl drought that lasted through most of the 1930s.

“Ultimately, the consistency of our results suggests an exceptionally high risk of a multi decade mega drought … (and) a level of aridity exceeding even the persistent mega droughts that characterized the Medieval era,” the scientists wrote.

Continue reading MEGA DROUGHT 2

HUG AND THE GREAT LAKES 2

The Great Lakes and the HUG System

 The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Dam on the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is 176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUG Siphon System for 171 km. to the Great Lakes.

The damage has  been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change. What we need is a Big Ditch!

Presently no patents exist which are commercialized in order to transfer fresh water seven times farther than existing pipelines. None of the incumbent technologies exceed 80 km using underwater pipelines, except for the HUG, an Innovative Water Transfer System, which has a 500 km range.

·         The HUG Siphon system can be buried under any populated built up areas. HUG can also be raised to189.5 m above sea level.

·         It will be difficult to say NO to Water Export Revenue of $433 Million/year at the auction price of $0.13/ m3s for 135 m3

·         Each of the 150 million people whose needs could be served by the project would pay the reasonable rate of $50 per year.  So, annual income from the exports would be $7.5 billion.      

·         The total initial cost of this mega project is $347.5 + $232.25 = $580 million.

·         HUG has a potential of Hydro Revenue of $210 Million/yr (11 kW/m2)

·         HUG has a potential of Water Export Revenue of 56 m3s@auction price of $0.13/ m3s of $180 Million/yr/HUG System

·         Water Export Revenue of 2000 m3s = $6.4 Billion/yr for 35 HUG Siphon Systems

·         Return on Investment : $180 +$210 / $580 million = 67%/yr for 1 HUG System.

·         An alternative desalination plant (1.2 m3s) is twice the price, because it is energy intensive and it incurs high-pollution costs that could escalate as energy price increase.

Great lakes areas of concernzz
HUG WATER TRANSFER

·         Nine bodies of 265 m3s water share the same environment: only a distance of 1.5 m to 12 km apart, which can be diverted to Lake Superior.

Continue reading HUG AND THE GREAT LAKES 2

HUG WATER TRANSFER 2

How  Proposed Water Transfer Works 

HUG WATER TRANSFER: Cyprus project
HUG WATER TRANSFER: Cyprus project

A spiraling pipeline allows the transfer of water to travel two to three times faster, abet longer distances: water prefers to travel in a whirlpool fashion rather than a turbulent straight line. We introduce the HUG Water Transfer System.

The PVC pipeline is produced in a braided fashion. The cross section of the HUG pipeline is more efficient because of the physics of the vortex.

The manufacturing of the HUG pipeline is extremely efficient: the interwoven pipeline is fed directly into the ocean, while being controlled by both ballasts and buoys on its journey 50 meters below the surface of the ocean.

HUG WATER TRANSFER: Cyprus project
HUG WATER TRANSFER

This invention reduces the need for large dimension water pumps and allows ocean-going fresh water transfers to exceed 500 km, where 80 km is presently the norm, because of the friction created in a straight pipeline.

How different will this new Innovative HUG® technology be?

The simple answer is that water never wants to flow in a straight line as in the case of present pipelines. Instead, the molecules of water wants to align itself in a vortex not unlike how the water leaves your bathtub — in a whirlpool configuration. So the new technology simply creates an environment where the water flows in a corkscrew fashion, but at four times the speed and with little or no friction. The actual production of the HUG begins on a pipeline laying ship.
Continue reading HUG WATER TRANSFER 2

AFRICAN WATER TRANSFER 2

Water Transfer Technology in Africa

HUG is a patented water transfer system that will literally change the face of our world as we know it, especially in AfricaImagine new fresh water delivered over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.

AFRICAN WATER TRANSFERS
AFRICAN WATER TRANSFERS

What we call violent conflict should be seen for what it is: poverty hunger, water scarcity & despair. Most of all we need to subdue our fears and cynicism and provide HOPE. We need science and technology.

ANGOLA

Angola has an abundance of water, but they lack the means to deliver it to Luanda. Only one in six Luandans in Angola have basic sanitation services. Thousands of Angolans died of cholera in 2006 caused by filthy rivers.

AFRICAN WATER TRANSFERS
ANGOLA HUG WATER TRANSFERS

SENEGAL

Senegal can alleviate Extreme Water Stress for itself and parts of Africa. Total Water Loss to the Sea: 30%

AFRICAN WATER TRANSFERS
SENEGAL HUG WATER TRANSFERS

GHANA

Ghana can alleviate Extreme Water Stress for itself and parts of Africa.  Total Water Loss to the Sea: 50%.

AFRICAN WATER TRANSFERS
GHANA HUG WATER TRANSFERS

KENYA

Continue reading AFRICAN WATER TRANSFER 2

WATER TRANSFER IN EUROPE 2

EUROPEAN WATER TRANSFER 

HUG Technology can alleviate Extreme Water Stress to parts of Europe and Africa. Imagine new fresh water transfer over 1000 km in a HUG ocean pipeline.

European Fresh Water Transfer: Cyprus project
European Fresh Water Transfer: Cyprus project

Water can be for Sale if…

1.There is water rights for those who cannot afford to buy it.

2.The water isn’t used for unsustainable lifestyles.

3.Water must be environmentally acceptable & sustainable.

Otherwise water is a human right, not a commodity. It is a public trust.

Total Water Loss to the Sea: 36%. France can alleviate Extreme Water Stress to parts of Europe and Africa.

European Fresh Water Transfer Project
European Fresh Water Transfer Project

Total Water Loss to the Sea: 47%. Scotland can alleviate Extreme Water Stress to parts of Europe and North Africa.

European Fresh Water Transfer Project

Great Britain Fresh Water Transfer Project Continue reading WATER TRANSFER IN EUROPE 2

LABRADOR ENERGY POTENTIAL 2

LABRADOR HYDRO TECHNOLOGY

Quest1

In general, small and mini hydro power generation technology  like HUG have shorter gestation periods (approx. one year) compared to large hydro power plants (7 years). In addition, small and mini hydro give a higher return on investment due to the low capital investment and maintenance costs. The energy potential of small and mini hydro plants, which are easier to construct and commission due to simpler designs.  This keeps costs down especially in remote areas like Labrador.

New technology leads to new growth opportunities:

  • HUG is a Patented Energy System that will literally change the face of our world as we know it.
  • Energy costs of diesel electricity (not including capital costs) are very high: $0.63 per kWh vs. $0.15/kWh for HUG
  • HUG extracts power from a water flow without the use of an expensive dam: Cost $1,000,000: $4000/kW
  • Laminar flow of the HUG creates a boundary layer at the wall of the spiraling cylinder resulting in zero friction: this increases the velocity up to four times.
LABRADOR ENERGY POTENTIAL
LABRADOR MOBILE ENERGY POTENTIAL
LABRADOR ENERGY POTENTIAL
LABRADOR RAPIDS ENERGY POTENTIAL

The next largest sector is the Small Hydro Power (1Mw to 10 MW) and Large Hydro Power (more than 10 MW) markets deploying larger scaled-up HUG models in estuaries and ocean currents. With 102 estuaries in U.S. and over 3,000 globally, tidal estuaries are ideal sources of water power adding significantly to potential production.

The HUG innovation can also be in the Small Hydro category which had a market of $14 Billion in 2008 and experiencing a 16% growth per year. In 2015, Small Hydro will be a $40 Billion market typified by tidal estuaries and large river systems.

Mining Companies like Quest Rare Minerals have a serious energy problem, which could make or break their proposal.

  • Diesel Oil must be carted inland for hundreds of miles near Lac Brisson, Uyagalatok Rapids and Voisy Bay.
  • Yet only 16 km away is a 100MW HUG solution.

Continue reading LABRADOR ENERGY POTENTIAL 2

IRRIGATION POTENTIAL 2

THE GREAT IRRIGATION SOLUTION

 Irrigation Potential is not rocket science: it is HUG pumps and pipelines.The payback in GDP is enormous because farmers have only seen one dry year as 2015 in the 50 years of farming.  It takes political will.

The new patented pipeline, called HUG Pipeline require little or no huge water pumps. This water pipeline, encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction.  Now we finally have an irrigation system that require no electricity or no diesel oil.

IRRIGATION POTENTIAL
IRRIGATION POTENTIAL

 

IRRIGATION POTENTIAL
IRRIGATION POTENTIAL

Continue reading IRRIGATION POTENTIAL 2