The Great Lakes and the HUG System
The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Dam on the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is 176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUG Siphon System for 171 km. to the Great Lakes.
The damage has been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change. What we need is a Big Ditch!
Presently no patents exist which are commercialized in order to transfer fresh water seven times farther than existing pipelines. None of the incumbent technologies exceed 80 km using underwater pipelines, except for the HUG, an Innovative Water Transfer System, which has a 500 km range.
· The HUG Siphon system can be buried under any populated built up areas. HUG can also be raised to189.5 m above sea level.
· It will be difficult to say NO to Water Export Revenue of $433 Million/year at the auction price of $0.13/ m3s for 135 m3
· Each of the 150 million people whose needs could be served by the project would pay the reasonable rate of $50 per year. So, annual income from the exports would be $7.5 billion.
· The total initial cost of this mega project is $347.5 + $232.25 = $580 million.
· HUG has a potential of Hydro Revenue of $210 Million/yr (11 kW/m2)
· HUG has a potential of Water Export Revenue of 56 m3s@auction price of $0.13/ m3s of $180 Million/yr/HUG System
· Water Export Revenue of 2000 m3s = $6.4 Billion/yr for 35 HUG Siphon Systems
· Return on Investment : $180 +$210 / $580 million = 67%/yr for 1 HUG System.
· An alternative desalination plant (1.2 m3s) is twice the price, because it is energy intensive and it incurs high-pollution costs that could escalate as energy price increase.
· Nine bodies of 265 m3s water share the same environment: only a distance of 1.5 m to 12 km apart, which can be diverted to Lake Superior.