Tag Archives: POTENTIAL

HUG WAVE ENERGY INNOVATION 2

Ocean Wave Electricity

Here is the SECRET! The HUG  Wave Energy innovation adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.

wave energy

The Solution: There have been a lot of wasted efforts in solving wave energy problems because of a wrong pathway. This may be the real reason why United States and Canada have not entered into the fray with the Europeans: they had not been presented with an obvious valid solution with adequate power density.  The HUG‘s compact and robust wave power plant enables over ten times higher annual energy output per ton compared to conventional wave devices.

The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:hug wave energy

Now let’s explain the real reason for the HUG: HIGH POWER DENSITY Continue reading HUG WAVE ENERGY INNOVATION 2

HYDROGEN ELECTROLYSIS: the SECRET 2

HYDROGEN ENERGY COMING

HUG HYDROGEN ELECTROLYSIS
BUS HYDROGEN ELECTROLYSIS

Allow us to introduce hydrogen electrolysis. Because hydrogen is a clean universal fuel that can be used to power buses, trucks, cars, planes, trains,  boats and ships. There is no carbon imprint and it is renewable and sustainable.

SMOG IN CHINA

Smog China
View of a high-rise building in heavy smog in Jilin city, northeast China’s Jilin province

China’s ‘airpocalypse’ kills 350,000 to 500,000 Chinese each year.

China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal, which meets more than 70 percent of its energy needs. The country produced 3.8 billion tons of coal in 2011 – almost half of the world’s total. Coal may be considered a cheap source of energy, but the air and water pollution caused by the mining and use of the mineral is devastating. According to Greenpeace, 2.5 tons of water is polluted for each ton of coal produced.

“If air pollution is not reduced we will have more and more respiratory disease, including lung cancer, COPD, asthma and even pneumonia and also heart disease, coronary heart disease,” warned Dr Bai, who is also chairman of the Chinese Alliance against Lung Cancer and the director and founder of the Shanghai Respiratory Research Institute. China diagnoses around 1.3 million new cases of chronic bronchitis and emphysema each year, and around 600,000 new cases of lung cancer. Over the last 30 years deaths ascribed to lung cancer have risen by a factor of five in China,

Everywhere you go in China, you will observe electrical transmission lines. These are all very necessary to support industrial growth. There is a high price to be paid for coal driven turbines. The sky is blue only for a short time after a rainfall because of the heavy smog overcast.
The Communist Party is worried that if they don’t solve severe environmental problems, they will be rejected by growing discontent: thousands of premature deaths annually and billions of workdays due to sickness. China’s rivers and lakes are among the world’s most polluted.

Solutions

Why Hydrogen?

Continue reading HYDROGEN ELECTROLYSIS: the SECRET 2

HUG RUN OF RIVER 2

‘Run-of-River’ Innovation

The usual ‘Run-of-River’ hydroelectric facilities could be improved by more than 300% by using the HUG system, because it maximizes the kinetic energy. One must harness the natural serpentine flow instead of the straight pipes leading to the bottom  of a Run-of-River turbine.Slide29

  1. Redirecting water flow to ‘Run-of-River’,  funnels into an innovative HUG, which requires no dam and uses the Power of the Vortex.
  2. Presently no patents exist, which are commercially viable, to capture energy from rapids or rivers without a dam.
  3. Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), which require no dams or barrages.
  4. The global technical potential of small hydro power is estimated between 150,000 and 200,000 MW.

    HUG RUN-OF-RIVER
    HUG RUN-OF-RIVER

Continue reading HUG RUN OF RIVER 2

HUG AND THE GREAT LAKES 2

The Great Lakes and the HUG System

 The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Dam on the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is 176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUG Siphon System for 171 km. to the Great Lakes.

The damage has  been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change. What we need is a Big Ditch!

Presently no patents exist which are commercialized in order to transfer fresh water seven times farther than existing pipelines. None of the incumbent technologies exceed 80 km using underwater pipelines, except for the HUG, an Innovative Water Transfer System, which has a 500 km range.

·         The HUG Siphon system can be buried under any populated built up areas. HUG can also be raised to189.5 m above sea level.

·         It will be difficult to say NO to Water Export Revenue of $433 Million/year at the auction price of $0.13/ m3s for 135 m3

·         Each of the 150 million people whose needs could be served by the project would pay the reasonable rate of $50 per year.  So, annual income from the exports would be $7.5 billion.      

·         The total initial cost of this mega project is $347.5 + $232.25 = $580 million.

·         HUG has a potential of Hydro Revenue of $210 Million/yr (11 kW/m2)

·         HUG has a potential of Water Export Revenue of 56 m3s@auction price of $0.13/ m3s of $180 Million/yr/HUG System

·         Water Export Revenue of 2000 m3s = $6.4 Billion/yr for 35 HUG Siphon Systems

·         Return on Investment : $180 +$210 / $580 million = 67%/yr for 1 HUG System.

·         An alternative desalination plant (1.2 m3s) is twice the price, because it is energy intensive and it incurs high-pollution costs that could escalate as energy price increase.

Great lakes areas of concernzz
HUG WATER TRANSFER

·         Nine bodies of 265 m3s water share the same environment: only a distance of 1.5 m to 12 km apart, which can be diverted to Lake Superior.

Continue reading HUG AND THE GREAT LAKES 2

HUG & DAM DECOMMISSIONING 2

 DAM REMOVAL SOLUTION

Decommissioned Dam
Decommissioned Dam

Dam removal is the process of removing out-dated, dangerous, or ecologically damaging dams from river systems. There are thousands of out-dated dams in the United States that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as many more recent ones that have caused such great ecological damage, and they are proposed for removal as Decommissioned Dams. We introduce the HUG low cost solution.

The problem

By 2020, over 70% of US dams will be 50 years or older and in need of repair, replacement or removal. In addition, there are over 49,000 low-head, non-powered dams in the U.S. suitable for hydro power. This presents a unique opportunity to equip or upgrade dams, thus providing a financial incentive for dam restoration while contributing to the country’s clean energy portfolio.

Existing options are not suited for low head sites

Current state-of-the-art solutions for low head small and micro hydro systems are generally a one size fits all solution. As a result, turbomachinery suppliers either provide standardized runners with lower efficiencies because the specifics of the water flow and head are not adequately taken into account, or they adjust their design to the waterway under consideration and must then charge large engineering fees. Either way, the project is often not efficient and therefore not economically attractive particularly at the lower end of the head range.

Current costs are too high

Current costs for new turbo- machinery is exorbitantly expensive, rendering a profitable endeavor at most small and micro hydro sites unfeasible. Turbo-machinery suppliers provide standardized runners that will operate within a wide window of head ranges, but providing unacceptable efficiencies at the upper and lower edge of the ranges; or will charge excessive engineering fees when requested to provide the site specific turbine geometry that is required to economically produce power.

Current methods are outdated and inefficient

Small and micro hydro turbines available on the market today are designed and fabricated using methods and materials developed in the 1930’s. These existing designs are expensive and overbuilt, and typically limited to sites with much higher heads than is generally the case. Accordingly, small hydro units are either not optimized for the specific location, or require significant engineering cost that make the value proposition unattractive in most cases.

The cost of upgrading and maintaining many older dams to meet present safety standards is becoming significant as we see from the estimates of the cost to revive the Maynard Dam with a final return on investments in 20 years.

Many older dams, especially those associated with abandoned or outdated industrial and navigation facilities are no longer needed. Many of these old dams in the US have simply been abandoned by their owners, when the cost of maintaining an old dam exceeds the receipts from power sales and liability increases.

The Competition

Continue reading HUG & DAM DECOMMISSIONING 2

TIDAL POWER 2

 ENERGY OF TIDAL POWER

Extracting Tidal Energy TIDAL HUG
Extracting Tidal Energy

The Bay of Fundy, (40‘ high), which is the site of the highest tide in the world, is shaped like a horn, which was developed by helical waves over millions of years. It is the same shape found at Anchorage, Alaska (27′ high), because they were created by the same energy of helical waves. The wave of this system causes the water to increase its speed as it is deflected at each turn. The narrowest point of the Inlet at Anchorage, Alaska has mid-channel speeds up to six knots with an average of 3.8 knots that produce amazing tidal power.

letete Passage Fundy Continue reading TIDAL POWER 2

HUG WATER TRANSFER 2

How  Proposed Water Transfer Works 

HUG WATER TRANSFER: Cyprus project
HUG WATER TRANSFER: Cyprus project

A spiraling pipeline allows the transfer of water to travel two to three times faster, abet longer distances: water prefers to travel in a whirlpool fashion rather than a turbulent straight line. We introduce the HUG Water Transfer System.

The PVC pipeline is produced in a braided fashion. The cross section of the HUG pipeline is more efficient because of the physics of the vortex.

The manufacturing of the HUG pipeline is extremely efficient: the interwoven pipeline is fed directly into the ocean, while being controlled by both ballasts and buoys on its journey 50 meters below the surface of the ocean.

HUG WATER TRANSFER: Cyprus project
HUG WATER TRANSFER

This invention reduces the need for large dimension water pumps and allows ocean-going fresh water transfers to exceed 500 km, where 80 km is presently the norm, because of the friction created in a straight pipeline.

How different will this new Innovative HUG® technology be?

The simple answer is that water never wants to flow in a straight line as in the case of present pipelines. Instead, the molecules of water wants to align itself in a vortex not unlike how the water leaves your bathtub — in a whirlpool configuration. So the new technology simply creates an environment where the water flows in a corkscrew fashion, but at four times the speed and with little or no friction. The actual production of the HUG begins on a pipeline laying ship.
Continue reading HUG WATER TRANSFER 2

LABRADOR ENERGY POTENTIAL 2

LABRADOR HYDRO TECHNOLOGY

Quest1

In general, small and mini hydro power generation technology  like HUG have shorter gestation periods (approx. one year) compared to large hydro power plants (7 years). In addition, small and mini hydro give a higher return on investment due to the low capital investment and maintenance costs. The energy potential of small and mini hydro plants, which are easier to construct and commission due to simpler designs.  This keeps costs down especially in remote areas like Labrador.

New technology leads to new growth opportunities:

  • HUG is a Patented Energy System that will literally change the face of our world as we know it.
  • Energy costs of diesel electricity (not including capital costs) are very high: $0.63 per kWh vs. $0.15/kWh for HUG
  • HUG extracts power from a water flow without the use of an expensive dam: Cost $1,000,000: $4000/kW
  • Laminar flow of the HUG creates a boundary layer at the wall of the spiraling cylinder resulting in zero friction: this increases the velocity up to four times.
LABRADOR ENERGY POTENTIAL
LABRADOR MOBILE ENERGY POTENTIAL
LABRADOR ENERGY POTENTIAL
LABRADOR RAPIDS ENERGY POTENTIAL

The next largest sector is the Small Hydro Power (1Mw to 10 MW) and Large Hydro Power (more than 10 MW) markets deploying larger scaled-up HUG models in estuaries and ocean currents. With 102 estuaries in U.S. and over 3,000 globally, tidal estuaries are ideal sources of water power adding significantly to potential production.

The HUG innovation can also be in the Small Hydro category which had a market of $14 Billion in 2008 and experiencing a 16% growth per year. In 2015, Small Hydro will be a $40 Billion market typified by tidal estuaries and large river systems.

Mining Companies like Quest Rare Minerals have a serious energy problem, which could make or break their proposal.

  • Diesel Oil must be carted inland for hundreds of miles near Lac Brisson, Uyagalatok Rapids and Voisy Bay.
  • Yet only 16 km away is a 100MW HUG solution.

Continue reading LABRADOR ENERGY POTENTIAL 2

HYDRO INNOVATION POTENTIAL 2

 INNOVATION POTENTIAL of the HUG

The HUG hydro innovation potential is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of HUG turbines can be installed with only a short period of 12 to 18 months between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow: it is mobile, modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.

HUG Power House

HUG

The flowing water source rotates the turbine in the HUG, which is coupled to a submersible electrical generator. The electrical generator produces electrical power for distribution.  All this is accomplished without the use of dams.

Why not just build a dam? There are many situations where

(1) Damming of the flowing water is prohibitively expensive

(2) It is impossible because of soil conditions

(3) It is impracticable because of navigational needs for the flowing water.

(4) Good land areas for construction have already been taken

(5) Consumes a lot of time for planning and construction

(6) The life expectancy of dams are only around 50 years
Continue reading HYDRO INNOVATION POTENTIAL 2

ABORIGINAL NEEDS AND CONCERNS 2

ABORIGINAL NEEDS 

 An Innovative HUG technology establishes a new needed Canadian infrastructure,which in turn implements and spins off other technologies. It dovetails into Aboriginal needs and concerns.

Aboriginal Potential

Aboriginal Potential

Aboriginal Potential
Aboriginal Potential

Aboriginal entrepreneurs may receive up to $99,999 in funding assistance For community-owned businesses, this assistance can vary but can be up to $250,000. A successful application requires a balanced financial package, involving debt financing from other sources and a minimum of 10% cash equity.

Continue reading ABORIGINAL NEEDS AND CONCERNS 2