The usual ‘Run-of-River’ hydroelectric facilities could be improved by more than 300% by using the HUG system, because it maximizes the kinetic energy. One must harness the natural serpentine flow instead of the straight pipes leading to the bottom of a Run-of-River turbine.
- Redirecting water flow to ‘Run-of-River’, funnels into an innovative HUG, which requires no dam and uses the Power of the Vortex.
- Presently no patents exist, which are commercially viable, to capture energy from rapids or rivers without a dam.
- Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), which require no dams or barrages.
- The global technical potential of small hydro power is estimated between 150,000 and 200,000 MW.
DAM REMOVAL SOLUTION
Dam removal is the process of removing out-dated, dangerous, or ecologically damaging dams from river systems. There are thousands of out-dated dams in the United States that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as many more recent ones that have caused such great ecological damage, and they are proposed for removal as Decommissioned Dams. We introduce the HUG low cost solution.
By 2020, over 70% of US dams will be 50 years or older and in need of repair, replacement or removal. In addition, there are over 49,000 low-head, non-powered dams in the U.S. suitable for hydro power. This presents a unique opportunity to equip or upgrade dams, thus providing a financial incentive for dam restoration while contributing to the country’s clean energy portfolio.
Existing options are not suited for low head sites
Current state-of-the-art solutions for low head small and micro hydro systems are generally a one size fits all solution. As a result, turbomachinery suppliers either provide standardized runners with lower efficiencies because the specifics of the water flow and head are not adequately taken into account, or they adjust their design to the waterway under consideration and must then charge large engineering fees. Either way, the project is often not efficient and therefore not economically attractive particularly at the lower end of the head range.
Current costs are too high
Current costs for new turbo- machinery is exorbitantly expensive, rendering a profitable endeavor at most small and micro hydro sites unfeasible. Turbo-machinery suppliers provide standardized runners that will operate within a wide window of head ranges, but providing unacceptable efficiencies at the upper and lower edge of the ranges; or will charge excessive engineering fees when requested to provide the site specific turbine geometry that is required to economically produce power.
Current methods are outdated and inefficient
Small and micro hydro turbines available on the market today are designed and fabricated using methods and materials developed in the 1930’s. These existing designs are expensive and overbuilt, and typically limited to sites with much higher heads than is generally the case. Accordingly, small hydro units are either not optimized for the specific location, or require significant engineering cost that make the value proposition unattractive in most cases.
The cost of upgrading and maintaining many older dams to meet present safety standards is becoming significant as we see from the estimates of the cost to revive the Maynard Dam with a final return on investments in 20 years.
Many older dams, especially those associated with abandoned or outdated industrial and navigation facilities are no longer needed. Many of these old dams in the US have simply been abandoned by their owners, when the cost of maintaining an old dam exceeds the receipts from power sales and liability increases.
ENERGY OF TIDAL POWER
The Bay of Fundy, (40‘ high), which is the site of the highest tide in the world, is shaped like a horn, which was developed by helical waves over millions of years. It is the same shape found at Anchorage, Alaska (27′ high), because they were created by the same energy of helical waves. The wave of this system causes the water to increase its speed as it is deflected at each turn. The narrowest point of the Inlet at Anchorage, Alaska has mid-channel speeds up to six knots with an average of 3.8 knots that produce amazing tidal power.
RING OF FIRE ENERGY COMING
The Ring of Fire Potential will come down to one factor, which will make or break any prospects: Hydro Electricity, which is not expensive. We cannot build massive dams in remote areas at a low cost.
Enter the HUG!
Noront Resources alone spent $19 million in 2009. One industry analyst suggests that the six companies drilling in the area will spend around $250 million over five years on exploration. Since site access is by fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters, the budget for transportation is huge. Noront was exploring for nickel, platinum and palladium at its Eagle’s Nest project in north-eastern Ontario.
Freewest Resources Canada Inc. stumbled upon an even more plentiful material, chromite, on a 3-square-kilometre piece of land smack in the middle of wetlands and bush.
A counter offer was made by Cliffs Natural Resources Inc., the largest supplier of iron ore to North America. Cliffs won. U.S.-based Cliffs also owns part of KWG Resources Inc.
Canada Chrome is a subsidiary of KWG Resources Inc., one of the companies involved in the $1.5 billion development, which includes an $800-million mine scheduled to go into production by 2015. Canada Chrome will operate the mine and build a 350-kilometre long haul railway capable of moving four-million tons of ore a year from McFauld’s Lake to Nakina.
Today, the roll call of companies in the area is impressive: Metalex Ventures Corp., Canadian Orebodies Inc. (Don McKinnon of Hemlo gold discovery fame and his son Gordon), East West Resources Corp., Mill City Gold Corp., MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd., Probe Mines Ltd. Temex Resources Corp.and Diamondex Resources Ltd. to name a few of the 100 plus.
The Freewest Black Thor chromite prospect has an estimated 2 km strike length.
THE CREE ENERGY POTENTIAL
New technology leads to new growth opportunities: HUG is a Patented Energy System that will literally change the potential of the Cree Nation as we know it.
The proposed Great Whale Project reservoirs would have covered 3391 square kilometres, transforming 1667 square kilometres of land environment and 1724 km of aquatic environment (lakes and rivers). The three underground generating stations proposed to tap this water were to have installed capacity exceeding 3200 MW. There is another solution: The HUG!
Standardized pre-fabricated modules should make it possible to order this new product as a “power plant kit” just like ordering from a catalog. The HUG power plant uses standardized parts, so no custom engineering is necessary. A one-size-fits-all pathway could be ordered. In the case of wider bodies of water, several HUGs could be placed next to each other or behind each other – also at different launch times, as determined by demand and available financing.
The inventor estimate that the HUG power plant will reduce costs of construction DRAMATICALLY compared to conventional dams. Continue reading PRE-FABRICATED HUG 2
SMALL HYDRO ENERGY
The installation of most of very low head sites is technically feasible, but civil works give rise to high costs, resulting to economically enviable projects. To solve this problem, one must design a new machine using a completely different philosophy to equip such sites: the small hydro power system.
The study of current turbines reveals that they were all invented on the basis of a poor understanding of hydrodynamics, and a consequent false premise.
The new damless development of a submerged helical pathway is capable of extracting high energy from low head sites at very low cost because of a physics phenomenon, called repulsion energy, which speeds up the current at the extremity of the curves. This is an exciting breakthrough in green energy; it is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.
The secret is in the natural motion of the water, which is a vortex. Water reduces resistance by curving more and more inwards thereby avoiding the confrontational resistance of straight motion. Nature has no use for the straight line: think of the water that leaves your bathtub; give it a twirl and see what happens.
The threshold velocity required to energize a turbine in fast water is 3.1 m/sec. The vast majority of river/ocean currents in the Canada and United States are slower than 3 m/sec. The HUG taps into a vast new source of clean and renewable energy of water currents as slow as 2 m/sec. previously off limits to conventional turbine technology. Even if the flow is less than 2 m/sec, the HUG introduces the Energy Body to make a difference.