Here is the SECRET!The HUG Wave Energy innovation adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.
The Solution:There have been a lot of wasted efforts in solving wave energy problems because of a wrong pathway. This may be the real reason why United States and Canada have not entered into the fray with the Europeans: they had not been presented with an obvious valid solution with adequate power density. TheHUG‘s compact and robust wave power plant enables over ten times higher annual energy output per ton compared to conventional wave devices.
The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:
Allow us to introduce hydrogen electrolysis. Because hydrogen is a clean universal fuel that can be used to power buses, trucks, cars, planes, trains, boats and ships. There is no carbon imprint and it is renewable and sustainable.
SMOG IN CHINA
China’s ‘airpocalypse’ kills350,000 to 500,000 Chinese each year.
China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal, which meets more than 70 percent of its energy needs. The country produced 3.8 billion tons of coal in 2011 – almost half of the world’s total. Coal may be considered a cheap source of energy, but the air and water pollution caused by the mining and use of the mineral is devastating. According to Greenpeace, 2.5 tons of water is polluted for each ton of coal produced.
“If air pollution is not reduced we will have more and more respiratory disease, including lung cancer, COPD, asthma and even pneumonia and also heart disease, coronary heart disease,” warned Dr Bai, who is also chairman of the Chinese Alliance against Lung Cancer and the director and founder of the Shanghai Respiratory Research Institute. China diagnoses around 1.3 million new cases of chronic bronchitis and emphysema each year, and around 600,000 new cases of lung cancer. Over the last 30 years deaths ascribed to lung cancer have risen by a factor of five in China,
Everywhere you go in China, you will observe electrical transmission lines. These are all very necessary to support industrial growth. There is a high price to be paid for coal driven turbines. The sky is blue only for a short time after a rainfall because of the heavy smog overcast. The Communist Party is worried that if they don’t solve severe environmental problems, they will be rejected by growing discontent: thousands of premature deaths annually and billions of workdays due to sickness. China’s rivers and lakes are among the world’s most polluted.
Stage 1 To capture energy from Run-of-River, Rapids and Waterfallswith theHUG
Stage 2 To introduce a smaller version of the HUG: for Fish and Hunting Camps
Stage 3 HUG Hydro electricity and irrigation in remote areas: to support work in South America and Africa.
Stage 4 To Introduce the HUG Water Transfer System to crisis area
Stage 5 To introduce commercially viable HUG Tidal Energy
River hydrokinetic energy has great potential, but it is still very much in the developmental stage.
The usual ‘Run-of-River’hydroelectric facilities could be improved by more than 300% by using the HUG system, because it maximizes the kinetic energy. One must harness the natural serpentine flow instead of the straight pipes leading to the bottom of a Run-of-River turbine.
Redirecting water flow to‘Run-of-River’, funnels into an innovativeHUG, which requires no dam and uses the Power of the Vortex.
Presently no patents exist, which are commercially viable, to capture energy from rapids or rivers without a dam.
Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), which require no dams or barrages.
The global technical potential of small hydro power is estimated between 150,000 and 200,000 MW.
Dam removal is the process of removing out-dated, dangerous, or ecologically damaging dams from river systems. There are thousands of out-dated dams in the United States that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as many more recent ones that have caused such great ecological damage, and they are proposed for removal as Decommissioned Dams. We introduce the HUG low cost solution.
By 2020, over 70% of US dams will be 50 years or older and in need of repair, replacement or removal. In addition, there are over 49,000 low-head, non-powered dams in the U.S. suitable for hydro power. This presents a unique opportunity to equip or upgrade dams, thus providing a financial incentive for dam restoration while contributing to the country’s clean energy portfolio.
Existing options are not suited for low head sites
Current state-of-the-art solutions for low head small and micro hydro systems are generally a one size fits all solution. As a result, turbomachinery suppliers either provide standardized runners with lower efficiencies because the specifics of the water flow and head are not adequately taken into account, or they adjust their design to the waterway under consideration and must then charge large engineering fees. Either way, the project is often not efficient and therefore not economically attractive particularly at the lower end of the head range.
Current costs are too high
Current costs for new turbo- machinery is exorbitantly expensive, rendering a profitable endeavor at most small and micro hydro sites unfeasible. Turbo-machinery suppliers provide standardized runners that will operate within a wide window of head ranges, but providing unacceptable efficiencies at the upper and lower edge of the ranges; or will charge excessive engineering fees when requested to provide the site specific turbine geometry that is required to economically produce power.
Current methods are outdated and inefficient
Small and micro hydro turbines available on the market today are designed and fabricated using methods and materials developed in the 1930’s. These existing designs are expensive and overbuilt, and typically limited to sites with much higher heads than is generally the case. Accordingly, small hydro units are either not optimized for the specific location, or require significant engineering cost that make the value proposition unattractive in most cases.
The cost of upgrading and maintaining many older dams to meet present safety standards is becoming significant as we see from the estimates of the cost to revive the Maynard Dam with a final return on investments in 20 years.
Many older dams, especially those associated with abandoned or outdated industrial and navigation facilities are no longer needed. Many of these old dams in the US have simply been abandoned by their owners, when the cost of maintaining an old dam exceeds the receipts from power sales and liability increases.
Maynard Dam was chosen based on the results of the USACE National Hydropower Resource Assessment (2013) that identified
Annual generation of 249,829 MWh (20 MW)
$203,533,845/20,000 kW = $10,175/ kW
$203,533,845/249,829,000 kW = $.81/KWh
The Canadian Scene
Many of Ontario’s thousands of dams are reaching an age where they’re breaking down. Dams, if not serving a purpose for flood control or electricity generation, are now generally thought of as obstructing the health of rivers.
Of the 2,000 dams in British Columbia, 400 have either outlived their usefulness, provide only marginal benefits, or severely harm coastal fisheries. With the removal of nearly two-dozen small dams in the province, support is growing for more ambitious decommissioning proposals.
On British Columbia’s Theodosia River, a plan to revitalize lucrative commercial- and sport-salmon fisheries in the Georgia Straits is the basis for a plan to decommission a 35-year-old water diversion dam. If removed, the 8-meter-high, 125-meter-long, Theodosia Dam would be the largest dam ever dismantled in Canada.
“No dam was meant to last forever” – they do age and, eventually, outlive their usefulness.
In a review of all B.C. dams in 2010, after the Testalinden Dam near Oliver collapsed causing major damage, the Providence Dam was deemed one of the most dangerous in the province.
Enter the HUG!
Instead of decommissioning dams, which are idle, we should look at decommissioning dams by installing several HUG. There could be a high rate of return because the cost would be relatively low and even lower considering adding the cost of deconstruction. One project alone in Washington cost $325 million to decommission. A narrow set of rapids would be part of the plan in order to allow the wild steel head and salmon to return to the river above the former dam site.
How is it possible for a HUG to save the day? The flow over the dam would be fed into a HUG, which has a helical turbine that rotates an electrical generator. A modulated control assures that the HUG is always filled to the top in order to maintain a constant pressure on the turbine. The electric generator is wired for a steady 60Hz AC current at a required voltage without the use of expensive control systems. We have just saved $325 million and we are now back to producing power as usual.
HUG: Height : 2.14 m; Length 7 m
Kinetic Energy = ½ x A xV3 x efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity)
= ½ x 5 m2 x (8.3 m/s)3 x .35 = 500 kW/turbine x 9 Turbines = 4.5 MW
Adding PowerEconomicallyto a Non-Powered Dam
KINETIC ENERGY = ½ × A×V3 x efficiency (A = area swept; Velocity
1/2 x 1.75 m2 x (10 m/sec)3 x 35%= 306 kW x 6.5 (Venturi )= 2 MW
Our First Step: to test a 1/20th scale model ($250,000) with an engineering company partner.
Then an actual working prototype on aHUG FLOAT for $1.3 million
Budget Allowance: $1,300,000 2 MW Decommissioned Dam HUG System: Cost: $78/KW or $0.01/kWh
HUG System $675,000
1 Helical Turbine installed 125,000
1 Electrical Generator installed 40,000
1 Submersible Pump installed 10,000
1 HUG System installed 500,000
Engineering Planning and Design: 15% 195,000
Contingency, Insurance, Legal costs: 10% 130,000
Grid Connection 5% 65,000
Ten Year Refit 3% 39,000
Loan Interest 3% 39,000
Installation 3% 39,000
Facilities 3% 39,000
Mooring 2% 26,000
Construction Management 3% 39,000
O&M First Year 1% 13,000
Budget Allowance: $1,299,000
Annual Return on Investment: 90% utilization: 6,370 MWh [x $79 (Quebec)] $500,000: ROI = 38%/yr.
Annual Return on Investment: (Ontario FIT) (using $131/MWh) $835,000 ROI = 64%/yr.
GREEN HYDRO POWER STATIONSThe installation of most of very low head sites is technically feasible, but civil works give rise to high costs, resulting to economically enviable projects. To solve this problem, one must design a new machine using a completely different philosophy to equip such sites. The study of current turbines reveals that they were all invented on the basis of a poor understanding of hydrodynamics, and a consequent false premise.
MOBILE HUG:The HUG development is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of HUG turbines can be installed with only a short period of 12 to 18 months between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow: it is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.
PRE-FABRICATED HUGStandardized pre-fabricated modules should make it possible to order this new product as a “power plant kit” just like ordering from a catalog. The HUG power plant uses standardized parts, so no custom engineering is necessary. A one-size-fits-all pathway could be ordered.
Why is the HUG Frictionless? When we direct the water to flow at its natural mode, it hugs the inner wall. This kind of vortex motion tends to accelerate and contract the stream of water. The less collisions improves the flow, i.e. the better ordered and more dense the flow will be. The net result is that the velocity of the flow in the HUG is four to five times faster than the river velocity.
SOME IMPORTANT LINKS:
HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION
New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:
A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
Christianity is not a philosophy, but it is a relationship with God, your Creator, in Christ TODAY. It is not knowledge of abstract principles.
HOW DO WE KNOW THIS?
Some Christian disciples use deliverance to deliver away evil spirits influencing people. These evil spirits cause depression, addictions and illness through all forms of stress.
2. COMPLETE SENSE OF PEACE?
After you have been delivered from evil influences, you will have a definite physical experience of a complete sense of peace.
Once you experience a physical sense of peace because of deliverance, you know that you will be healed. This helps you build up your faith, which is very crucial: No faith! No healing!
Some Christian disciples have the gift of healing. Only the Name of Jesus Christ makes healing and deliverance possible.
THE WHOLE FAMILY BENEFITS
In the end, one Christian conversion will benefit the whole family. The gifts of the Holy Spirit of healing and deliverance will help the whole family. A prayer of deliverance of evil spirits will leave any member of the family with a complete sense of peace immediately. A prayer of healing from a Christian disciple produces 80% healing. The remaining healing comes from continued prayer of praise and thanksgiving until all the healing is complete. This healing comes from the Holy Spirit through the power in the Name of Jesus Christ. No other god or deity or doctor uses this power. This proves the TRUTH OF CHRISTIANITY.
God divinely inspired the BIBLE . How do we know?Each of eight accurate predictions shows a high probability mathematically. The probability of one individual fulfilling eight prophecies have odds of 1 in 10 17(1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000). Jesus Christ fulfilled all prophecies, therefore the Bible MUST BE TRUE.
The Old Testament indicates another 40 astonishing predictions.
Christianity experiences stunning growth—from approximately 3.8 million adherents in China in 1956 to an estimated 87 to 100 million Christians today.
Jesus is alive today!He heals today (through His followers) and in many cases it is realized immediately. How else can you explain the explosion of Christianity, the world’s largest religion, on earth: 2.2 billion adherents, nearly a third (31 percent) of all 6.9 billion people on Earth.
Christians know and feel His Presence; they communicate with Him personally; Christian prayers are always answered.
This author has been given the Gift of Healing only because he is a Christian Lay Missionary, who travels two to three places every year. On his last trip to Columbia he successfully transferred his Gift to his Spanish translators, who were able to heal as he did. He has healed Muslims to their great surprise.
He also delivers away evil spirits along with their healing. All those who are delivered from evil spirits feel a complete physical sense of peace.
DREAMS AND VISIONS
God can give a message to those non-Christians to change their heart. God knows faith will be developed eventually. God will come to you in the form of dreams or visions. So be sensitive to any dreams or visions,when you ask God for it earnestly.
The HUG hydro innovation potential is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of HUG turbines can be installed with only a short period of 12 to 18 months between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow: it is mobile, modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.
The flowing water source rotates the turbine in the HUG, which is coupled to a submersible electrical generator. The electrical generator produces electrical power for distribution. All this is accomplished without the use of dams.
Why not just build a dam? There are many situations where
(1) Damming of the flowing water is prohibitively expensive
(2) It is impossible because of soil conditions
(3) It is impracticable because of navigational needs for the flowing water.
(4) Good land areas for construction have already been taken
(5) Consumes a lot of time for planning and construction
TheRing of FirePotentialwill come down to one factor, which will make or break any prospects: Hydro Electricity, which is not expensive. We cannot build massive dams in remote areas at a low cost.
Enter the HUG!
Noront Resources alone spent $19 million in 2009. One industry analyst suggests that the six companies drilling in the area will spend around $250 million over five years on exploration. Since site access is by fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters, the budget for transportation is huge. Noront was exploring for nickel, platinum and palladium at its Eagle’s Nest project in north-eastern Ontario. Freewest Resources Canada Inc. stumbled upon an even more plentiful material, chromite, on a 3-square-kilometre piece of land smack in the middle of wetlands and bush.
A counter offer was made by Cliffs Natural Resources Inc., the largest supplier of iron ore to North America. Cliffs won. U.S.-based Cliffs also owns part of KWG Resources Inc.
Canada Chrome is a subsidiary of KWG Resources Inc., one of the companies involved in the $1.5 billion development, which includes an $800-million mine scheduled to go into production by 2015. Canada Chrome will operate the mine and build a 350-kilometre long haul railway capable of moving four-million tons of ore a year from McFauld’s Lake to Nakina.
Today, the roll call of companies in the area is impressive: Metalex Ventures Corp., Canadian Orebodies Inc. (Don McKinnon of Hemlo gold discovery fame and his son Gordon), East West Resources Corp., Mill City Gold Corp., MacDonald Mines Exploration Ltd., Probe Mines Ltd. Temex Resources Corp.and Diamondex Resources Ltd. to name a few of the 100 plus.
The Freewest Black Thor chromite prospect has an estimated 2 km strike length.
New technology leads to new growth opportunities: HUG is a Patented Energy System that will literally change the potential of the Cree Nation as we know it.
The proposed Great Whale Project reservoirs would have covered 3391 square kilometres, transforming 1667 square kilometres of land environment and 1724 km of aquatic environment (lakes and rivers). The three underground generating stations proposed to tap this water were to have installed capacity exceeding 3200 MW. There is another solution: The HUG!
The installation of most of very low head sites is technically feasible, but civil works give rise to high costs, resulting to economically enviable projects. To solve this problem, one must design a new machine using a completely different philosophy to equip such sites: the small hydro power system.
The study of current turbines reveals that they were all invented on the basis of a poor understanding of hydrodynamics, and a consequent false premise.
The new damless development of a submerged helical pathway is capable of extracting high energy from low head sites at very low cost because of a physics phenomenon, called repulsion energy, which speeds up the current at the extremity of the curves. This is an exciting breakthrough in green energy; it is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.
The secret is in the natural motion of the water, which is a vortex. Water reduces resistance by curving more and more inwards thereby avoiding the confrontational resistance of straight motion. Nature has no use for the straight line: think of the water that leaves your bathtub; give it a twirl and see what happens.
The threshold velocity required to energize a turbine in fast water is 3.1 m/sec. The vast majority of river/ocean currents in the Canada and United States are slower than 3 m/sec. The HUG taps into a vast new source of clean and renewable energy of water currents as slow as 2 m/sec. previously off limits to conventional turbine technology. Even if the flow is less than 2 m/sec, the HUG introduces the Energy Body to make a difference.