The usual ‘Run-of-River’hydroelectric facilities could be improved by more than 300% by using the HUGsystem, because it maximizes the kinetic energy. One must harness the natural serpentine flow instead of the straight pipes leading to the bottom of a Run-of-River turbine.
Redirecting water flow to‘Run-of-River’, funnels into an innovativeHUG, which requires no dam and uses the Power of the Vortex.
Presently no patents exist, which are commercially viable, to capture energy from rapids or rivers without a dam.
Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), which require no dams or barrages.
The global technical potential of small hydro power is estimated between 150,000 and 200,000 MW.
The water level behind the Otto Holden Hydro Damon the Ottawa River can be maintained at 179.5 m above sea level, while the water level in Lake Huron is176.5 m. This difference of 3 m is the basis of water transfer through a HUGSiphon System for 171 km. to the Great Lakes.
The damage has been done to thousands of homes in the National Capital Region and along the Ottawa River in May 2017 in millions of dollars. This was suppose to be an event that only comes every 50 years. We can expect that this will be a 5 year event with global change.What we need is a Big Ditch!
Presently no patents exist which are commercialized in order to transfer fresh water seven times farther than existing pipelines. None of the incumbent technologies exceed 80 km using underwater pipelines, except for the HUG, an Innovative Water Transfer System, which has a 500 km range.
· The HUG Siphon system can be buried under any populated built up areas. HUG can also be raised to189.5 m above sea level.
· It will be difficult to say NO to Water Export Revenue of $433 Million/year at the auction price of $0.13/ m3s for 135 m3
· Each of the 150 million people whose needs could be served by the project would pay the reasonable rate of $50 per year. So, annual income from the exports would be $7.5 billion.
· The total initial cost of this mega project is $347.5 + $232.25 = $580 million.
· HUG has a potential of Hydro Revenue of $210 Million/yr (11 kW/m2)
· HUG has a potential of Water Export Revenue of 56 m3s@auction price of $0.13/ m3s of $180 Million/yr/HUG System
· Water Export Revenue of 2000 m3s = $6.4 Billion/yr for 35 HUG Siphon Systems
· Return on Investment : $180 +$210 / $580 million = 67%/yr for 1 HUG System.
· An alternative desalination plant (1.2 m3s) is twice the price, because it is energy intensive and it incurs high-pollution costs that could escalate as energy price increase.
· Nine bodies of 265 m3s water share the same environment: only a distance of 1.5 m to 12 km apart, which can be diverted to Lake Superior.
The Bay of Fundy, (40‘ high), which is the site of the highest tide in the world, is shaped like a horn, which was developed by helical waves over millions of years. It is the same shape found at Anchorage, Alaska (27′ high), because they were created by the same energy of helical waves. The wave of this system causes the water to increase its speed as it is deflected at each turn. The narrowest point of the Inlet at Anchorage, Alaska has mid-channel speeds up to six knots with an average of 3.8 knots that produce amazing tidal power.
An Innovative HUG technology establishes a new needed Canadian infrastructure,which in turn implements and spins off other technologies. It dovetails into Aboriginal needs and concerns.
Aboriginal entrepreneurs may receive up to $99,999 in funding assistance For community-owned businesses, this assistance can vary but can be up to $250,000. A successful application requires a balanced financial package, involving debt financing from other sources and a minimum of 10% cash equity.
Irrigation Potential is not rocket science: it is HUG pumps and pipelines.The payback in GDP is enormous because farmers have only seen one dry year as 2015 in the 50 years of farming. It takes political will.
The new patented pipeline, called HUG Pipeline require little or no huge water pumps. This water pipeline, encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction. Now we finally have an irrigation system that require no electricity or no diesel oil.
The installation of most of very low head sites is technically feasible, but civil works give rise to high costs, resulting to economically enviable projects. To solve this problem, one must design a new machine using a completely different philosophy to equip such sites: the small hydro power system.
The study of current turbines reveals that they were all invented on the basis of a poor understanding of hydrodynamics, and a consequent false premise.
The new damless development of a submerged helical pathway is capable of extracting high energy from low head sites at very low cost because of a physics phenomenon, called repulsion energy, which speeds up the current at the extremity of the curves. This is an exciting breakthrough in green energy; it is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.
The secret is in the natural motion of the water, which is a vortex. Water reduces resistance by curving more and more inwards thereby avoiding the confrontational resistance of straight motion. Nature has no use for the straight line: think of the water that leaves your bathtub; give it a twirl and see what happens.
The threshold velocity required to energize a turbine in fast water is 3.1 m/sec. The vast majority of river/ocean currents in the Canada and United States are slower than 3 m/sec. The HUG taps into a vast new source of clean and renewable energy of water currents as slow as 2 m/sec. previously off limits to conventional turbine technology. Even if the flow is less than 2 m/sec, the HUG introduces the Energy Body to make a difference.