Here is the SECRET!The HUG Wave Energy innovation adds over three times the increase of velocity created from its vortex. The turbine’s power is proportional to the cube of its average velocity. Thus, a doubling of the average speed of the flow results in an eight-fold increase in its power, which results in the lowest cost: $0.01/kWh.
The Solution:There have been a lot of wasted efforts in solving wave energy problems because of a wrong pathway. This may be the real reason why United States and Canada have not entered into the fray with the Europeans: they had not been presented with an obvious valid solution with adequate power density. TheHUG‘s compact and robust wave power plant enables over ten times higher annual energy output per ton compared to conventional wave devices.
The real advantage of the HUG is POWER from the action of the vortex in the HUG and the Venturi effect created by the shape of the HUG:
The usual ‘Run-of-River’hydroelectric facilities could be improved by more than 300% by using the HUGsystem, because it maximizes the kinetic energy. One must harness the natural serpentine flow instead of the straight pipes leading to the bottom of a Run-of-River turbine.
Redirecting water flow to‘Run-of-River’, funnels into an innovativeHUG, which requires no dam and uses the Power of the Vortex.
Presently no patents exist, which are commercially viable, to capture energy from rapids or rivers without a dam.
Canada has tremendous potential for small hydro development with more than 5500 identified sites (11,000 MW), which require no dams or barrages.
The global technical potential of small hydro power is estimated between 150,000 and 200,000 MW.
We can start an aboriginal renewalunder the Aboriginal Loan Guarantee Program for the HUG. Aboriginal communities will be eligible for loan guarantees for assistance of up to 85% of total eligible economic development costs. These communities may offer land as cash in kind as part of their investment.
ABORIGINAL TOURIST, HUNTING AND FISHING CAMPS WITH ELECTRICITY
The Federal Aboriginal Loan or Grant for Industrial Development of Native Reservations for a pilot energy project:
On the St. Charles River on the Wendake Reservation.
With Native Communities near Fort McMurray: People of the Lower Athabasca
Electricity for the Ring of Fire Mining Companies
The Nation Huronne-Wendat may wish to offer the value of the land, on which the project is operating, as cash-in kind, as part of their contribution to the funding sources.
The most important consideration is cost: $885/kW is unusually low compared to most other hydro electric generation systems. In 2009, Hydro-Quebec cost for 4500 MW was $5,100/kW. See the comparison chart below.
Presently no patents exist to capture energy from fast moving rivers up to now. The Power Density of any pilot projects designed to capture energy from tides is 2.4 to 6.9 kW/m2. The reason for the low efficiency is that the flow of a current treats all these turbines as obstacles to be avoided. The HUG Power Densityis an unbelievable 73 kW/m2.The Power Density increases to the cube of the velocity and the HUG velocity is four to five times faster than the competition.
Dam removal is the process of removing out-dated, dangerous, or ecologically damaging dams from river systems. There are thousands of out-dated dams in the United States that were built in the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as many more recent ones that have caused such great ecological damage, and they are proposed for removal as Decommissioned Dams. We introduce the HUG low cost solution.
By 2020, over 70% of US dams will be 50 years or older and in need of repair, replacement or removal. In addition, there are over 49,000 low-head, non-powered dams in the U.S. suitable for hydro power. This presents a unique opportunity to equip or upgrade dams, thus providing a financial incentive for dam restoration while contributing to the country’s clean energy portfolio.
Existing options are not suited for low head sites
Current state-of-the-art solutions for low head small and micro hydro systems are generally a one size fits all solution. As a result, turbomachinery suppliers either provide standardized runners with lower efficiencies because the specifics of the water flow and head are not adequately taken into account, or they adjust their design to the waterway under consideration and must then charge large engineering fees. Either way, the project is often not efficient and therefore not economically attractive particularly at the lower end of the head range.
Current costs are too high
Current costs for new turbo- machinery is exorbitantly expensive, rendering a profitable endeavor at most small and micro hydro sites unfeasible. Turbo-machinery suppliers provide standardized runners that will operate within a wide window of head ranges, but providing unacceptable efficiencies at the upper and lower edge of the ranges; or will charge excessive engineering fees when requested to provide the site specific turbine geometry that is required to economically produce power.
Current methods are outdated and inefficient
Small and micro hydro turbines available on the market today are designed and fabricated using methods and materials developed in the 1930’s. These existing designs are expensive and overbuilt, and typically limited to sites with much higher heads than is generally the case. Accordingly, small hydro units are either not optimized for the specific location, or require significant engineering cost that make the value proposition unattractive in most cases.
The cost of upgrading and maintaining many older dams to meet present safety standards is becoming significant as we see from the estimates of the cost to revive the Maynard Dam with a final return on investments in 20 years.
Many older dams, especially those associated with abandoned or outdated industrial and navigation facilities are no longer needed. Many of these old dams in the US have simply been abandoned by their owners, when the cost of maintaining an old dam exceeds the receipts from power sales and liability increases.
The Bay of Fundy, (40‘ high), which is the site of the highest tide in the world, is shaped like a horn, which was developed by helical waves over millions of years. It is the same shape found at Anchorage, Alaska (27′ high), because they were created by the same energy of helical waves. The wave of this system causes the water to increase its speed as it is deflected at each turn. The narrowest point of the Inlet at Anchorage, Alaska has mid-channel speeds up to six knots with an average of 3.8 knots that produce amazing tidal power.
A spiraling pipeline allows the transfer of water to travel two to three times faster, abet longer distances: water prefers to travel in a whirlpool fashion rather than a turbulent straight line. We introduce the HUGWater Transfer System.
The PVC pipeline is produced in a braided fashion. The cross section of the HUG pipeline is more efficientbecause of the physics of the vortex.
The manufacturing of the HUG pipeline is extremely efficient: the interwoven pipeline is fed directly into the ocean, while being controlled by both ballasts and buoys on its journey 50 meters below the surface of the ocean.
This invention reduces the need for large dimension water pumps and allows ocean-going fresh water transfers to exceed 500 km, where 80 km is presently the norm, because of the friction created in a straight pipeline.
The simple answer is that water never wants to flow in a straight line as in the case of present pipelines. Instead, the molecules of water wants to align itself in a vortex not unlike how the water leaves your bathtub — in a whirlpool configuration. So the new technology simply creates an environment where the water flows in a corkscrew fashion, but at four times the speed and with little or no friction. The actual production of the HUG begins on a pipeline laying ship. Continue reading HUG WATER TRANSFER 2→
In general, small and mini hydro power generation technology like HUGhave shorter gestation periods (approx. one year) compared to large hydro power plants (7 years). In addition, small and mini hydro give a higher return on investment due to the low capital investment and maintenance costs. The energy potential of small and mini hydro plants, which are easier to construct and commission due to simpler designs. This keeps costs down especially in remote areas like Labrador.
Energy costs of diesel electricity (not including capital costs) are very high: $0.63 per kWh vs. $0.15/kWhfor HUG
HUGextracts power from a water flow without the use of an expensive dam: Cost $1,000,000: $4000/kW
Laminar flow of theHUGcreates a boundary layer at the wall of the spiraling cylinder resulting in zero friction: this increases the velocity up tofour times.
The next largest sector is the Small Hydro Power (1Mw to 10 MW) and Large Hydro Power (more than 10 MW) markets deploying larger scaled-up HUG models in estuaries and ocean currents. With 102 estuaries in U.S. and over 3,000 globally, tidal estuaries are ideal sources of water power adding significantly to potential production.
The HUG innovation can also be in the Small Hydro category which had a market of $14 Billion in 2008 and experiencing a 16% growth per year. In 2015, Small Hydro will be a $40 Billion market typified by tidal estuaries and large river systems.
Mining Companies like Quest Rare Minerals have a serious energy problem, which could make or break their proposal.
Diesel Oil must be carted inland for hundreds of miles near Lac Brisson, Uyagalatok Rapids and Voisy Bay.